Varus talar tilt combined with an internal rotation pivot stress assesses the supination instability vector in lateral ankle ligaments' injury - cadaver study.
BACKGROUNDThe lack of consensus on the relevance of the varus talar tilt test (VTTT) might be due to the divergence between the insufficiency vector of lateral ankle instability and the direction of this clinical test. Our hypothesis is that the VTTT is more accurate to diagnose lateral ankle ligaments rupture when it's applied with a pre-positioning of the foot in internal rotation (IR).
METHODSWe compared, in 12 cadaver ankles, the varus opening during a classic VTTT with the same test starting in an IR pivot, using a new arthrometer.
RESULTSThe classic VTTT caused a 13° tilt after ATFL section and 23,8° after ATFL and CFL section. The application of a VTTT with an IR prepositioning caused a 21,2° tilt after ATFL section (p = 0,002) and 29,5° after ATFL and CFL section (p = 0,006).
CONCLUSIONThe VTTT is better to identify lateral ankle ligaments' insufficiency when it's applied with a pre-positioning of the foot in internal rotation. The resulting vector is similar to the supination trauma.
Department of Orthopaedics, Hospital Dr. José de Almeida, Cascais, Portugal; NOVA Medical School, Lisbon NOVA University, Portugal; Department of Anatomy and Human Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: firstname.lastname@example.org.,
Director of the Department of Orthipaedics, Hospital Dr. José de Almeida, Cascais, Portugal.,
Department of Anatomy and Human Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Barcelona, Spain.,
Associate Agreggate Professor of Orthopaedics at NOVA Medical School, Lisbon NOVA University, Portugal; CHLO, S F Xavier Central Hospital, Lisbon, Portugal.,
Professor of Surgery, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
Department of Anatomy and Human Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Barcelona, Spain; Department of Orthopaedics, Clinica del Remei, Barcelona, Spain.
Pub Type(s)Journal Article