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Psychological disorders and quality of life in oral lichen planus patients and a control group.
Oral Dis. 2019 Sep; 25(6):1645-1651.OD

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a common disease whose aetiopathogenesis is linked to psychological disorders. This study aims to determine the influence of anxiety and depression in OLP patients, define the perception of quality of life in these patients and check for potential differences between atrophic/ ulcerative and reticular lesions.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

A group of 48 OLP patients and a control group of 40 patients were selected. In order to assess anxiety, depression and quality of life, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and Oral Health Impact Profile 14 (OHIP-14) tests were completed.

RESULTS

OLP patients showed higher scores on HADS (anxiety p < 0.01, depression p < 0.05) and OHIP-14 (physical pain p < 0.05, psychological discomfort p = 0.001). Patients with reticular lesions obtained higher scores in HADS (anxiety p = 0.001, depression p < 0.001), whereas patients with atrophic/ ulcerative lesions obtained higher scores in OHIP-14 (p = 0.02).

CONCLUSIONS

Psychological disorders play an important role as a trigger for OLP and are responsible for many relapses. Psychological support would be advisable in order to improve their mental health, as this would have a positive impact on their quality of life and would lead to a better progression of the disease.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Oral Medicine, Oral Surgery and Implantology Unit, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Santiago de Compostela, Spain.Oral Medicine, Oral Surgery and Implantology Unit, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria de Santiago (IDIS), Santiago de Compostela, Spain.Oral Medicine, Oral Surgery and Implantology Unit, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Santiago de Compostela, Spain.Oral Medicine, Oral Surgery and Implantology Unit, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Santiago de Compostela, Spain.GeoForsk, Noia, A Coruña, Spain.Oral Medicine, Oral Surgery and Implantology Unit, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria de Santiago (IDIS), Santiago de Compostela, Spain.Oral Medicine, Oral Surgery and Implantology Unit, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Santiago de Compostela, Spain.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

30993798

Citation

Vilar-Villanueva, Marta, et al. "Psychological Disorders and Quality of Life in Oral Lichen Planus Patients and a Control Group." Oral Diseases, vol. 25, no. 6, 2019, pp. 1645-1651.
Vilar-Villanueva M, Gándara-Vila P, Blanco-Aguilera E, et al. Psychological disorders and quality of life in oral lichen planus patients and a control group. Oral Dis. 2019;25(6):1645-1651.
Vilar-Villanueva, M., Gándara-Vila, P., Blanco-Aguilera, E., Otero-Rey, E. M., Rodríguez-Lado, L., García-García, A., & Blanco-Carrión, A. (2019). Psychological disorders and quality of life in oral lichen planus patients and a control group. Oral Diseases, 25(6), 1645-1651. https://doi.org/10.1111/odi.13106
Vilar-Villanueva M, et al. Psychological Disorders and Quality of Life in Oral Lichen Planus Patients and a Control Group. Oral Dis. 2019;25(6):1645-1651. PubMed PMID: 30993798.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Psychological disorders and quality of life in oral lichen planus patients and a control group. AU - Vilar-Villanueva,Marta, AU - Gándara-Vila,Pilar, AU - Blanco-Aguilera,Elena, AU - Otero-Rey,Eva María, AU - Rodríguez-Lado,Luis, AU - García-García,Abel, AU - Blanco-Carrión,Andrés, Y1 - 2019/05/29/ PY - 2018/10/29/received PY - 2019/04/07/revised PY - 2019/04/09/accepted PY - 2019/4/18/pubmed PY - 2019/12/31/medline PY - 2019/4/18/entrez KW - anxiety KW - depression KW - oral lichen planus KW - quality of life KW - stress SP - 1645 EP - 1651 JF - Oral diseases JO - Oral Dis VL - 25 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVES: Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a common disease whose aetiopathogenesis is linked to psychological disorders. This study aims to determine the influence of anxiety and depression in OLP patients, define the perception of quality of life in these patients and check for potential differences between atrophic/ ulcerative and reticular lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A group of 48 OLP patients and a control group of 40 patients were selected. In order to assess anxiety, depression and quality of life, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and Oral Health Impact Profile 14 (OHIP-14) tests were completed. RESULTS: OLP patients showed higher scores on HADS (anxiety p < 0.01, depression p < 0.05) and OHIP-14 (physical pain p < 0.05, psychological discomfort p = 0.001). Patients with reticular lesions obtained higher scores in HADS (anxiety p = 0.001, depression p < 0.001), whereas patients with atrophic/ ulcerative lesions obtained higher scores in OHIP-14 (p = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Psychological disorders play an important role as a trigger for OLP and are responsible for many relapses. Psychological support would be advisable in order to improve their mental health, as this would have a positive impact on their quality of life and would lead to a better progression of the disease. SN - 1601-0825 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/30993798/Psychological_disorders_and_quality_of_life_in_oral_lichen_planus_patients_and_a_control_group_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/odi.13106 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -