Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer/Questioning (LGBTQ) Perceptions and Health Care Experiences.J Gay Lesbian Soc Serv 2015; 27(2):246-261JG
The goal study of this was to explore attitudes, health knowledge, and experiences with healthcare setting and providers among gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, queer/questioning (GLBTQ) individuals and to identify areas for improvement.
Members of Equality Florida™ residing in the five counties of the Tampa Bay region were recruited through email invitation to complete a 60-item questionnaire assessing demographics, attitudes, and experiences with healthcare providers (HCPs). Additional open-ended questions focused on experiences with HCPs and suggestions for ways to improve HCPs' cultural competency.
632 respondents completed the survey of which 41% were gay men and 29% were lesbian. The majority of participants was White, non-Hispanic (93%), married/partnered (78%), and had health insurance (88%). The majority (67%) reported they always or often disclosed their sexual orientation/identity to an HCP and few had negative reactions in the healthcare setting (<10%). Healthcare settings with equality signs and gender-neutral language were perceived as safer. Participants' responses suggested need for policy changes and improved cultural competence among HCPs.
Results show high rates of sexual orientation disclosure, greater acceptance from providers of GLBTQ status, and the need for examination of hospital policies and improved cultural competency.