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Fighter pilots' teamwork: a descriptive study.
Ergonomics. 2019 Jul; 62(7):880-890.E

Abstract

The execution of teamwork varies widely depending on the domain and task in question. Despite the considerable diversity of teams and their operation, researchers tend to aim for unified theories and models regardless of field. However, we argue that there is a need for translation and adaptation of the theoretical models to each specific domain. To this end, a case study was carried out on fighter pilots and it was investigated how teamwork is performed in this specialised and challenging environment, with a specific focus on the dependence on technology for these teams. The collaboration between the fighter pilots is described and analysed using a generic theoretical model for effective teamwork from the literature. The results show that domain-specific application and modification is needed in order for the model to capture fighter pilot's teamwork. The study provides deeper understanding of the working conditions for teams of pilots and gives design implications for how tactical support systems can enhance teamwork in the domain. Practitioner summary: This article presents a qualitative interview study with fighter pilots based on a generic theoretical teamwork model applied to the fighter domain. The purpose is to understand the conditions under which teams of fighter pilots work and to provide guidance for the design of future technological aids.

Authors+Show Affiliations

a Saab AB , Saab Aeronautics , Linköping , Sweden. b University of Skövde , Skövde , Sweden.a Saab AB , Saab Aeronautics , Linköping , Sweden.b University of Skövde , Skövde , Sweden.b University of Skövde , Skövde , Sweden.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31002026

Citation

Ohlander, Ulrika, et al. "Fighter Pilots' Teamwork: a Descriptive Study." Ergonomics, vol. 62, no. 7, 2019, pp. 880-890.
Ohlander U, Alfredson J, Riveiro M, et al. Fighter pilots' teamwork: a descriptive study. Ergonomics. 2019;62(7):880-890.
Ohlander, U., Alfredson, J., Riveiro, M., & Falkman, G. (2019). Fighter pilots' teamwork: a descriptive study. Ergonomics, 62(7), 880-890. https://doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2019.1596319
Ohlander U, et al. Fighter Pilots' Teamwork: a Descriptive Study. Ergonomics. 2019;62(7):880-890. PubMed PMID: 31002026.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Fighter pilots' teamwork: a descriptive study. AU - Ohlander,Ulrika, AU - Alfredson,Jens, AU - Riveiro,Maria, AU - Falkman,Göran, Y1 - 2019/04/19/ PY - 2019/4/20/pubmed PY - 2019/12/20/medline PY - 2019/4/20/entrez KW - Teamwork KW - fighter aircraft KW - fighter pilot KW - team effectiveness SP - 880 EP - 890 JF - Ergonomics JO - Ergonomics VL - 62 IS - 7 N2 - The execution of teamwork varies widely depending on the domain and task in question. Despite the considerable diversity of teams and their operation, researchers tend to aim for unified theories and models regardless of field. However, we argue that there is a need for translation and adaptation of the theoretical models to each specific domain. To this end, a case study was carried out on fighter pilots and it was investigated how teamwork is performed in this specialised and challenging environment, with a specific focus on the dependence on technology for these teams. The collaboration between the fighter pilots is described and analysed using a generic theoretical model for effective teamwork from the literature. The results show that domain-specific application and modification is needed in order for the model to capture fighter pilot's teamwork. The study provides deeper understanding of the working conditions for teams of pilots and gives design implications for how tactical support systems can enhance teamwork in the domain. Practitioner summary: This article presents a qualitative interview study with fighter pilots based on a generic theoretical teamwork model applied to the fighter domain. The purpose is to understand the conditions under which teams of fighter pilots work and to provide guidance for the design of future technological aids. SN - 1366-5847 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31002026/Fighter_pilots'_teamwork:_a_descriptive_study_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -