Genomic characterization of two Orf virus isolates from Jilin province in China.Virus Genes 2019; 55(4):490-501VG
Orf virus (ORFV), a typical member of the Parapoxvirus genus within the family Poxviridae, which is the causative agent of Orf, a common epitheliotropic viral disease of sheep, goats, wild ruminants, and humans. In the present study, we sequenced the complete genomic sequences of two ORFV strains (ORFV-SY17, isolated from sheep, and ORFV-NA17, isolated from goat) and conducted the comparative analysis of multiple ORFVs. The complete genomic sequence of ORFV-SY17 was at length of 140,413 bp, including 131 potential open reading frames (ORFs) flanked by inverted terminal repeats (ITRs) of 4267 bp at both ends. The ORFV-NA17 strain displayed the similar genome structure with ORFV-SY17. The whole genomic sequence of ORFV-NA17 strain was 139,287 bp in length and contained 132 ORFs flanked by ITRs of 3974 bp. The overall G+C contents of ORFV-SY17 and ORFV-NA17 genome sequences were about 63.8% and 63.7%, respectively. The ITR sequences analysis showed that ORFV-SY17 and ORFV-NA17 contained the terminal BamHI sites and conserved telomere resolution sequences at both ends of their genome. In addition, comparative analysis of ORFs among ORFV-SY17, ORFV-NA17, and other ORFV strains revealed several sequence variations caused by insertions or deletions, especially in ORFs 005 and 116, which were very likely associated with host species. Phylogenetic analysis based on the complete genome sequences revealed that ORFV-SY17 was genetically closely related to NA1/11 and HN3/12 strains derived from sheep, while ORFV-NA17 was closely related to YX strain derived from goat. The multiple alignment of deduced amino acid sequences further revealed the genetic relationship between host species and genetic variations of ORFV strains. Taken together, the availability of genomic sequences of ORFV-SY17 and ORFV-NA17 strains from Jilin Province will aid in our understanding of the genetic diversity and evolution of ORFV strains in this region and can assist in distinguishing between ORFV strains that originate in sheep and goats.