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Financial Strain, Suicidal Thoughts, and Suicidal Behavior Among US Military Personnel in the National Guard.
Crisis. 2019 Nov; 40(6):437-445.C

Abstract

Background:

Although financial strain is an identified risk factor for suicide among US military personnel, research is limited regarding the specific dimensions of financial strain that confer the greatest risk.

Aims:

The present study examined the associations among multiple indicators of financial strain, suicide ideation, and suicide attempts in a sample of US National Guard personnel, a high-risk subgroup of the US military. Method: National Guard personnel from Utah and Idaho (n = 997) completed an anonymous online self-report survey. Weighted univariate and multivariate logistic regression was used to test hypothesized associations.

Results:

Lifetime history of suicide ideation was significantly more common among participants reporting recent income decrease, credit problems, and difficulty making ends meet, even when adjusting for other covariates. Lifetime history of suicide attempt was significantly associated with recent foreclosure or loan default, credit problems, and difficulty making ends meet, but only in univariate analyses. Recent credit problems were the only financial strain indicator that significantly predicted a history of suicide attempt among participants with a history of suicide ideation. Limitations: The present study includes self-report methodology and cross-sectional design.

Conclusion:

Although multiple indicators of financial strain are associated with increased risk for suicidal thinking among National Guard military personnel, credit problems had the strongest association with suicide attempts.

Authors+Show Affiliations

National Center for Veterans Studies, Salt Lake City, UT, USA. Department of Psychology, The University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA.National Center for Veterans Studies, Salt Lake City, UT, USA. Department of Psychology, The University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31030554

Citation

Bryan, Craig J., and AnnaBelle O. Bryan. "Financial Strain, Suicidal Thoughts, and Suicidal Behavior Among US Military Personnel in the National Guard." Crisis, vol. 40, no. 6, 2019, pp. 437-445.
Bryan CJ, Bryan AO. Financial Strain, Suicidal Thoughts, and Suicidal Behavior Among US Military Personnel in the National Guard. Crisis. 2019;40(6):437-445.
Bryan, C. J., & Bryan, A. O. (2019). Financial Strain, Suicidal Thoughts, and Suicidal Behavior Among US Military Personnel in the National Guard. Crisis, 40(6), 437-445. https://doi.org/10.1027/0227-5910/a000592
Bryan CJ, Bryan AO. Financial Strain, Suicidal Thoughts, and Suicidal Behavior Among US Military Personnel in the National Guard. Crisis. 2019;40(6):437-445. PubMed PMID: 31030554.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Financial Strain, Suicidal Thoughts, and Suicidal Behavior Among US Military Personnel in the National Guard. AU - Bryan,Craig J, AU - Bryan,AnnaBelle O, Y1 - 2019/04/29/ PY - 2019/4/30/pubmed PY - 2020/4/11/medline PY - 2019/4/30/entrez KW - credit problems KW - economics KW - financial strain KW - military KW - suicide SP - 437 EP - 445 JF - Crisis JO - Crisis VL - 40 IS - 6 N2 - Background: Although financial strain is an identified risk factor for suicide among US military personnel, research is limited regarding the specific dimensions of financial strain that confer the greatest risk. Aims: The present study examined the associations among multiple indicators of financial strain, suicide ideation, and suicide attempts in a sample of US National Guard personnel, a high-risk subgroup of the US military. Method: National Guard personnel from Utah and Idaho (n = 997) completed an anonymous online self-report survey. Weighted univariate and multivariate logistic regression was used to test hypothesized associations. Results: Lifetime history of suicide ideation was significantly more common among participants reporting recent income decrease, credit problems, and difficulty making ends meet, even when adjusting for other covariates. Lifetime history of suicide attempt was significantly associated with recent foreclosure or loan default, credit problems, and difficulty making ends meet, but only in univariate analyses. Recent credit problems were the only financial strain indicator that significantly predicted a history of suicide attempt among participants with a history of suicide ideation. Limitations: The present study includes self-report methodology and cross-sectional design. Conclusion: Although multiple indicators of financial strain are associated with increased risk for suicidal thinking among National Guard military personnel, credit problems had the strongest association with suicide attempts. SN - 2151-2396 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31030554/Financial_Strain_Suicidal_Thoughts_and_Suicidal_Behavior_Among_US_Military_Personnel_in_the_National_Guard_ L2 - http://econtent.hogrefe.com/doi/full/10.1027/0227-5910/a000592?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -