Water-Resistant and Skin-Adhesive Wearable Electronics Using Graphene Fabric Sensor with Octopus-Inspired Microsuckers.ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2019 May 08; 11(18):16951-16957.AA
Wearable and skin-attachable electronics with portable/wearable and stretchable smart sensors are essential for health-care monitoring devices or systems. The property of adhesion to the skin in both dry and wet environments is strongly required for efficient monitoring of various human activities. We report here a facile, low-cost, scalable fabrication method for skin-adhesive graphene-coated fabric (GCF) sensors that are sensitive and respond fast to applied pressure and strain. With octopus-like patterns formed on the side of the GCF that touches the skin, the GCF adheres strongly to the skin in both dry and wet environments. Using these characteristics, we demonstrate efficient monitoring of a full range of human activities, including human physiological signals such as wrist pulse and electrocardiography (ECG), as well as body motions and speech vibrations. In particular, both measurements of ECG and wrist-bending motions were demonstrated even in wet conditions. Our approach has opened up a new possibility for wearable and skin-adherent electronic fabric sensors working even in wet environments for health-care monitoring and medical applications in vitro and in vivo.