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Frequency of Food Pantry Use Is Associated with Diet Quality among Indiana Food Pantry Clients.
J Acad Nutr Diet. 2019 10; 119(10):1703-1712.JA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Food-insecure households access food pantries to receive supplemental food, yet limited examination of the relationships of food pantry use or household food insecurity with diet quality and health has been documented among food pantry users.

OBJECTIVE

This study investigated the associations among food pantry use, household food security, body mass index, self-reported chronic disease and related conditions, and diet quality among food pantry users.

DESIGN

Food pantry users in central Indiana were recruited for this cross-sectional study and surveyed for sociodemographic characteristics, food pantry use frequency, household food security, diet quality, and chronic disease and related conditions. Measurements of height and weight were obtained.

PARTICIPANTS/SETTING

Data from 270 participants, aged 21 to 80 years, were collected from June 2014 to December 2015.

STATISTICAL ANALYSES PERFORMED

Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI-2010) total score, component scores, and body mass index were analyzed across food pantry use and household food security groups using multiple linear regression. Odds of reporting chronic disease and related conditions were compared across food pantry use and household food security groups using logistic regression.

RESULTS

Visiting food pantries more than once a month was associated with higher HEI-2010 total score (P=0.03) and Total Protein Foods score (P=0.05) than visiting less often. HEI-2010 scores were not significantly different across household food security groups. Body mass index was not different across food pantry use groups or household food security groups. Household food insecurity was associated with higher odds of reporting heart disease (age- and sex-adjusted odds ratio=2.65; 95% CI, 1.05-6.69) compared with household food security.

CONCLUSIONS

Food pantry use frequency differentiates diet quality, and household food security status differentiates chronic disease and related conditions among low-resource food pantry user subpopulations.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31040071

Citation

Liu, Yibin, et al. "Frequency of Food Pantry Use Is Associated With Diet Quality Among Indiana Food Pantry Clients." Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, vol. 119, no. 10, 2019, pp. 1703-1712.
Liu Y, Zhang Y, Remley DT, et al. Frequency of Food Pantry Use Is Associated with Diet Quality among Indiana Food Pantry Clients. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2019;119(10):1703-1712.
Liu, Y., Zhang, Y., Remley, D. T., & Eicher-Miller, H. A. (2019). Frequency of Food Pantry Use Is Associated with Diet Quality among Indiana Food Pantry Clients. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 119(10), 1703-1712. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2019.02.015
Liu Y, et al. Frequency of Food Pantry Use Is Associated With Diet Quality Among Indiana Food Pantry Clients. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2019;119(10):1703-1712. PubMed PMID: 31040071.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Frequency of Food Pantry Use Is Associated with Diet Quality among Indiana Food Pantry Clients. AU - Liu,Yibin, AU - Zhang,Yumin, AU - Remley,Daniel T, AU - Eicher-Miller,Heather A, Y1 - 2019/04/27/ PY - 2018/02/16/received PY - 2019/02/25/accepted PY - 2019/5/2/pubmed PY - 2020/6/24/medline PY - 2019/5/2/entrez KW - Diet quality KW - Food assistance KW - Food pantry KW - Food security KW - Health SP - 1703 EP - 1712 JF - Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics JO - J Acad Nutr Diet VL - 119 IS - 10 N2 - BACKGROUND: Food-insecure households access food pantries to receive supplemental food, yet limited examination of the relationships of food pantry use or household food insecurity with diet quality and health has been documented among food pantry users. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the associations among food pantry use, household food security, body mass index, self-reported chronic disease and related conditions, and diet quality among food pantry users. DESIGN: Food pantry users in central Indiana were recruited for this cross-sectional study and surveyed for sociodemographic characteristics, food pantry use frequency, household food security, diet quality, and chronic disease and related conditions. Measurements of height and weight were obtained. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: Data from 270 participants, aged 21 to 80 years, were collected from June 2014 to December 2015. STATISTICAL ANALYSES PERFORMED: Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI-2010) total score, component scores, and body mass index were analyzed across food pantry use and household food security groups using multiple linear regression. Odds of reporting chronic disease and related conditions were compared across food pantry use and household food security groups using logistic regression. RESULTS: Visiting food pantries more than once a month was associated with higher HEI-2010 total score (P=0.03) and Total Protein Foods score (P=0.05) than visiting less often. HEI-2010 scores were not significantly different across household food security groups. Body mass index was not different across food pantry use groups or household food security groups. Household food insecurity was associated with higher odds of reporting heart disease (age- and sex-adjusted odds ratio=2.65; 95% CI, 1.05-6.69) compared with household food security. CONCLUSIONS: Food pantry use frequency differentiates diet quality, and household food security status differentiates chronic disease and related conditions among low-resource food pantry user subpopulations. SN - 2212-2672 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31040071/Frequency_of_Food_Pantry_Use_Is_Associated_with_Diet_Quality_among_Indiana_Food_Pantry_Clients_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2212-2672(19)30198-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -