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Influence of the harvest date on berry compositions and wine profiles of Vitis vinifera L. cv. 'Cabernet Sauvignon' under a semiarid continental climate over two consecutive years.
Food Chem. 2019 Sep 15; 292:237-246.FC

Abstract

The ripeness of a grape is critical to berry composition and to the resultant wine. For wineries with a single cultivar occupying an extensive area, the total soluble solid of grapes can range from 22°Brix to 28°Brix. Accordingly, the influence of different harvest dates (ripeness) on berry compositions and on the resultant wine profile was investigated for Vitis vinifera L. cv. 'Cabernet Sauvignon.' Berry dehydration was observed as berry weight and juice yields decreased. Berry anthocyanins were concentrated and methylated anthocyanin levels fluctuated with increasing delays in harvesting. Hexanal and 2-hexenal levels in must decreased significantly as berries ripened. In the resultant wines, 2,3-butanediol levels increased. Wines harvested earlier were lighter, presented lower color intensity (CI) values and higher yellow% levels, and exhibited richer aroma profiles (compounds). Through a principal component analysis and discriminant analysis, the compounds characterizing each harvest date were identified.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Center for Viticulture and Enology, College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China; Key Laboratory of Viticulture and Enology, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Beijing 100083, China.Center for Viticulture and Enology, College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China; Key Laboratory of Viticulture and Enology, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Beijing 100083, China.Center for Viticulture and Enology, College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China; Key Laboratory of Viticulture and Enology, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Beijing 100083, China.Center for Viticulture and Enology, College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China; Key Laboratory of Viticulture and Enology, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Beijing 100083, China.CITIC Guoan Wine Co. Ltd., Manasi 832200, Xinjiang, China.CITIC Guoan Wine Co. Ltd., Manasi 832200, Xinjiang, China.CITIC Guoan Wine Co. Ltd., Manasi 832200, Xinjiang, China.Center for Viticulture and Enology, College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China; Key Laboratory of Viticulture and Enology, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Beijing 100083, China.Center for Viticulture and Enology, College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China; Key Laboratory of Viticulture and Enology, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Beijing 100083, China.Center for Viticulture and Enology, College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China; Key Laboratory of Viticulture and Enology, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Beijing 100083, China. Electronic address: jun_wang@cau.edu.cn.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31054670

Citation

Gao, Xiao-Tong, et al. "Influence of the Harvest Date On Berry Compositions and Wine Profiles of Vitis Vinifera L. Cv. 'Cabernet Sauvignon' Under a Semiarid Continental Climate Over Two Consecutive Years." Food Chemistry, vol. 292, 2019, pp. 237-246.
Gao XT, Li HQ, Wang Y, et al. Influence of the harvest date on berry compositions and wine profiles of Vitis vinifera L. cv. 'Cabernet Sauvignon' under a semiarid continental climate over two consecutive years. Food Chem. 2019;292:237-246.
Gao, X. T., Li, H. Q., Wang, Y., Peng, W. T., Chen, W., Cai, X. D., Li, S. D., He, F., Duan, C. Q., & Wang, J. (2019). Influence of the harvest date on berry compositions and wine profiles of Vitis vinifera L. cv. 'Cabernet Sauvignon' under a semiarid continental climate over two consecutive years. Food Chemistry, 292, 237-246. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2019.04.070
Gao XT, et al. Influence of the Harvest Date On Berry Compositions and Wine Profiles of Vitis Vinifera L. Cv. 'Cabernet Sauvignon' Under a Semiarid Continental Climate Over Two Consecutive Years. Food Chem. 2019 Sep 15;292:237-246. PubMed PMID: 31054670.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Influence of the harvest date on berry compositions and wine profiles of Vitis vinifera L. cv. 'Cabernet Sauvignon' under a semiarid continental climate over two consecutive years. AU - Gao,Xiao-Tong, AU - Li,Hui-Qing, AU - Wang,Yu, AU - Peng,Wen-Ting, AU - Chen,Wu, AU - Cai,Xiao-Dong, AU - Li,Shu-De, AU - He,Fei, AU - Duan,Chang-Qing, AU - Wang,Jun, Y1 - 2019/04/19/ PY - 2018/10/31/received PY - 2019/04/17/revised PY - 2019/04/18/accepted PY - 2019/5/6/entrez PY - 2019/5/6/pubmed PY - 2019/7/3/medline KW - Berry composition KW - Berry dehydration KW - Harvest date KW - Wine profile KW - Wineries with a single cultivar occupying an extensive area SP - 237 EP - 246 JF - Food chemistry JO - Food Chem VL - 292 N2 - The ripeness of a grape is critical to berry composition and to the resultant wine. For wineries with a single cultivar occupying an extensive area, the total soluble solid of grapes can range from 22°Brix to 28°Brix. Accordingly, the influence of different harvest dates (ripeness) on berry compositions and on the resultant wine profile was investigated for Vitis vinifera L. cv. 'Cabernet Sauvignon.' Berry dehydration was observed as berry weight and juice yields decreased. Berry anthocyanins were concentrated and methylated anthocyanin levels fluctuated with increasing delays in harvesting. Hexanal and 2-hexenal levels in must decreased significantly as berries ripened. In the resultant wines, 2,3-butanediol levels increased. Wines harvested earlier were lighter, presented lower color intensity (CI) values and higher yellow% levels, and exhibited richer aroma profiles (compounds). Through a principal component analysis and discriminant analysis, the compounds characterizing each harvest date were identified. SN - 1873-7072 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31054670/Influence_of_the_harvest_date_on_berry_compositions_and_wine_profiles_of_Vitis_vinifera_L__cv__'Cabernet_Sauvignon'_under_a_semiarid_continental_climate_over_two_consecutive_years_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0308-8146(19)30733-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -