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Diet Quality and Fruit, Vegetable, and Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption by Household Food Insecurity among 8- to 12-Year-Old Children during Summer Months.
J Acad Nutr Diet. 2019 10; 119(10):1695-1702.JA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

School-delivered nutrition assistance programs have improved dietary intake for children from food-insecure households during the school year. However, little is known about their diet quality and eating patterns during summer months.

OBJECTIVE

School-aged children's summer month weekday and weekend day diet quality and eating patterns were assessed by household food insecurity.

DESIGN

Secondary analysis of cross-sectional data was employed.

PARTICIPANTS/SETTING

During the summers of 2011 through 2017, baseline data were collected from parent-child dyads participating in one of two community-based obesity prevention trials in metropolitan Minnesota (N=218). The mean age of children was 10 years; 50% were girls, 49% were nonwhite, and 25% were from food-insecure households.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

Children from food-secure and food-insecure households were identified by using the short form of the US Household Food Security Survey. Healthy Eating Index 2015 and eating patterns-including energy intake and consumption of whole fruits, vegetables, 100% fruit/vegetable juice, and sugar-sweetened beverages-were estimated by means of 24-hour dietary recall interviews conducted on weekdays and weekend days.

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS PERFORMED

General linear modeling was used to examine diet quality and eating patterns by food insecurity, controlling for child age, child body mass index z score, and parent education.

RESULTS

Children from food-insecure and food-secure households had Healthy Eating Index 2015 scores less than 50. Children from food-insecure households reported less energy intake, fewer cups of whole fruit, and more sugar-sweetened beverage consumption for every 1,000 kcal consumed on a weekend day when compared with their counterparts from food-secure households (P<0.05). Similar results were not seen for weekday eating patterns.

CONCLUSIONS

Whole fruit and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption varied by food insecurity on weekend days during summer months. Because children tend to gain weight during summer months, efforts to increase weekend access to whole fruits and promote water consumption may contribute to weight gain prevention and healthy development, especially for children from food-insecure households.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31056369

Citation

Lee, Jiwoo, et al. "Diet Quality and Fruit, Vegetable, and Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption By Household Food Insecurity Among 8- to 12-Year-Old Children During Summer Months." Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, vol. 119, no. 10, 2019, pp. 1695-1702.
Lee J, Kubik MY, Fulkerson JA. Diet Quality and Fruit, Vegetable, and Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption by Household Food Insecurity among 8- to 12-Year-Old Children during Summer Months. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2019;119(10):1695-1702.
Lee, J., Kubik, M. Y., & Fulkerson, J. A. (2019). Diet Quality and Fruit, Vegetable, and Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption by Household Food Insecurity among 8- to 12-Year-Old Children during Summer Months. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 119(10), 1695-1702. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2019.03.004
Lee J, Kubik MY, Fulkerson JA. Diet Quality and Fruit, Vegetable, and Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption By Household Food Insecurity Among 8- to 12-Year-Old Children During Summer Months. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2019;119(10):1695-1702. PubMed PMID: 31056369.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Diet Quality and Fruit, Vegetable, and Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption by Household Food Insecurity among 8- to 12-Year-Old Children during Summer Months. AU - Lee,Jiwoo, AU - Kubik,Martha Y, AU - Fulkerson,Jayne A, Y1 - 2019/05/02/ PY - 2018/08/13/received PY - 2019/02/27/revised PY - 2019/03/07/accepted PY - 2019/5/6/pubmed PY - 2020/6/24/medline PY - 2019/5/7/entrez KW - 24-Hour dietary recall interviews KW - Food insecurity KW - Health equity KW - Nutrition assistance programs KW - Summer months SP - 1695 EP - 1702 JF - Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics JO - J Acad Nutr Diet VL - 119 IS - 10 N2 - BACKGROUND: School-delivered nutrition assistance programs have improved dietary intake for children from food-insecure households during the school year. However, little is known about their diet quality and eating patterns during summer months. OBJECTIVE: School-aged children's summer month weekday and weekend day diet quality and eating patterns were assessed by household food insecurity. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of cross-sectional data was employed. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: During the summers of 2011 through 2017, baseline data were collected from parent-child dyads participating in one of two community-based obesity prevention trials in metropolitan Minnesota (N=218). The mean age of children was 10 years; 50% were girls, 49% were nonwhite, and 25% were from food-insecure households. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Children from food-secure and food-insecure households were identified by using the short form of the US Household Food Security Survey. Healthy Eating Index 2015 and eating patterns-including energy intake and consumption of whole fruits, vegetables, 100% fruit/vegetable juice, and sugar-sweetened beverages-were estimated by means of 24-hour dietary recall interviews conducted on weekdays and weekend days. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS PERFORMED: General linear modeling was used to examine diet quality and eating patterns by food insecurity, controlling for child age, child body mass index z score, and parent education. RESULTS: Children from food-insecure and food-secure households had Healthy Eating Index 2015 scores less than 50. Children from food-insecure households reported less energy intake, fewer cups of whole fruit, and more sugar-sweetened beverage consumption for every 1,000 kcal consumed on a weekend day when compared with their counterparts from food-secure households (P<0.05). Similar results were not seen for weekday eating patterns. CONCLUSIONS: Whole fruit and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption varied by food insecurity on weekend days during summer months. Because children tend to gain weight during summer months, efforts to increase weekend access to whole fruits and promote water consumption may contribute to weight gain prevention and healthy development, especially for children from food-insecure households. SN - 2212-2672 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31056369/Diet_Quality_and_Fruit_Vegetable_and_Sugar_Sweetened_Beverage_Consumption_by_Household_Food_Insecurity_among_8__to_12_Year_Old_Children_during_Summer_Months_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2212-2672(18)31583-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -