Introgression of a Novel Ug99-Effective Stem Rust Resistance Gene into Wheat and Development of Dasypyrum villosum Chromosome-Specific Markers via Genotyping-by-Sequencing (GBS).Plant Dis. 2019 Jun; 103(6):1068-1074.PD
Dasypyrum villosum is a wild relative of common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) with resistance to Puccinia graminis f. tritici, the causal agent of stem rust, including the highly virulent race TTKSK (Ug99). In order to transfer resistance, T. durum-D. villosum amphiploids were initially developed and used as a bridge to create wheat-D. villosum introgression lines. Conserved ortholog set (COS) markers were used to identify D. villosum chromosome introgression lines, which were then subjected to seedling P. graminis f. tritici resistance screening with race TTKSK. A COS marker-verified line carrying chromosome 2V with TTKSK resistance was further characterized by combined genomic in situ and fluorescent in situ analyses to confirm a monosomic substitution line MS2V(2D) (20″ + 1' 2V[2D]). This is the first report of stem rust resistance on 2V, which was temporarily designated as SrTA10276-2V. To facilitate the use of this gene in wheat improvement, a complete set of previously developed wheat-D. villosum disomic addition lines was subjected to genotyping-by-sequencing analysis to develop D. villosum chromosome-specific markers. On average, 350 markers per chromosome were identified. These markers can be used to develop diagnostic markers for D. villosum-derived genes of interest in wheat improvement.