Zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate crowns: Effect of thickness on survival and failure mode.Dent Mater 2019; 35(7):1007-1016DM
To evaluate the reliability and failure mode of zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate (ZLS) molar crowns of different thicknesses.
Monolithic ZLS molar crowns (0.5mm, 1.0mm, and 1.5 mm thickness) were modeled and milled using a CAD/CAM system (n = 21/group). Crowns were cemented on dentin-like epoxy resin replicas with a resin cement. The specimens were subjected to single load-to-failure test for step-stress profiles designing. Mouth-motion step-stress accelerated-life test was performed under water by sliding an indenter 0.7 mm lingually down on the distobuccal cusp until specimen fracture or suspension. Use level probability Weibull curves and reliability were calculated and plotted. Polarized-light optical microscope and scanning electron microscope (SEM) were used to characterize fracture patterns.
Irrespective of crown thickness, beta (β) values were higher than 1 and fatigue accelerated failures. While 0.5 mm ZLS crowns exhibited a significant reduction in the probability of survival at 200N, 300N and 400 N mission loads (69%, 41% and 19%, respectively), no significant difference was observed between 1.0 mm and 1.5 mm crowns. Both thicknesses have maintained the survivability at approximately 90%. Failure primarily comprised bulk fracture where radial cracks originated from the cementation surface beneath the indenter loading trail and propagated towards the cervical margin.
1.5 mm- and 1.0 mm-thickness monolithic ZLS crowns presented higher probability of survival compared to 0.5 mm crowns. Bulk fracture was the chief failure mode, regardless of thickness.