Facile synthesis of hollow mesoporous MgO spheres via spray-drying with improved adsorption capacity for Pb(II) and Cd(II).Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2019 Jun; 26(18):18825-18833.ES
Spherical-like MgO nanostructures have been synthesized efficiently via spray-drying combined with calcination using magnesium acetate as magnesium source. The products were characterized by means of X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and the specific surface areas were calculated using the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) method. The obtained spherical-like MgO nanostructures exhibit uniform pore sizes (7.7 nm) and high specific surface areas (180 m2 g-1). The adsorption kinetics and isotherm data agree well with pseudo-second-order model and Langmuir model, indicating the monolayer chemisorption of heavy metal ions. The spherical-like MgO nanostructures exhibited high adsorption performance for Pb(II) and Cd(II) ions, and the maximum adsorption capacities were up to 5214 mg g-1 and 4187 mg g-1, respectively. These values are much higher than those reported MgO-based adsorbents. Moreover, in less than 10 min, Pb(II) and Cd(II) ions in solution can be almost removed, which means that the spherical-like MgO possesses a high adsorption rate. XRD and FTIR analysis revealed the adsorption mechanism of Pb(II) and Cd(II) ions on MgO, which was mainly due to hydroxyl functional groups and ion exchange between Mg and heavy metal ions on the surface of MgO. These favorable performances recommend that the synthesized spherical-like MgO nanostructures would be a potential adsorbent for rapid removal of heavy metal ions from wastewater.