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Evaluating Mindful With Your Baby/Toddler: Observational Changes in Maternal Sensitivity, Acceptance, Mind-Mindedness, and Dyadic Synchrony.
Front Psychol 2019; 10:753FP

Abstract

Studies on the effectiveness of mindful parenting interventions predominantly focused on self-report measures of parenting, whereas observational assessments of change are lacking. The present study examined whether the Mindful with your baby/toddler training leads to observed changes in maternal behavior and mother-child interaction quality. Mindful with your baby/toddler is a 8- or 9-week mindful parenting training for clinically referred mothers of young children (aged 0-48 months), who experience parental stress, mother-child interaction problems, and/or whose children experience regulation problems. The study involved a quasi-experimental non-random design including a sample of 50 mothers who were diagnosed with a mood disorder (n = 21, 42%), an anxiety disorder (n = 7, 14%), post-traumatic stress disorder (n = 6, 12%), or other disorder (n = 7, 14%). Mothers completed a parental stress questionnaire and participated in home observations with their babies (n = 36) or toddlers (n = 14) during a waitlist, pretest, and posttest assessment. Maternal sensitivity, acceptance, and mind-mindedness were coded from free-play interactions and dyadic synchrony was coded from face-to-face interactions. Sensitivity and acceptance were coded with the Ainsworth's maternal sensitivity scales. Mind-mindedness was assessed by calculating frequency and proportions of appropriate and nonattuned mind-related comments. Dyadic synchrony was operationalized by co-occurrences of gazes and positive facial expressions and maternal and child responsiveness in vocal interaction within the dyad. Coders were blind to the measurement moment. From waitlist to pretest, no significant improvements were observed. At posttest, mothers reported less parenting stress, and were observed to show more accepting behavior and make less nonattuned comments than at pretest, and children showed higher levels of responsiveness. The outcomes suggest that the Mindful with your baby/toddler training affects not only maternal stress, but also maternal behavior, particularly (over)reactive parenting behaviors, which resulted in more acceptance, better attunement to child's mental world, and more "space" for children to respond to their mothers during interactions. Mindful with your baby/toddler may be a suitable intervention for mothers of young children with (a combination of) maternal psychopathology, parental stress, and problems in the parent-child interaction and child regulation problems.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Research Institute of Child Development and Education, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.UvA Minds, Academic Outpatient (Child and Adolescent) Treatment Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.Research Institute of Child Development and Education, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.Department of Clinical Psychology, Leiden University, Leiden, Netherlands.Research Institute of Child Development and Education, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.Research Institute of Child Development and Education, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands. Department of Developmental Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.Research Institute of Child Development and Education, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31068848

Citation

Zeegers, Moniek A J., et al. "Evaluating Mindful With Your Baby/Toddler: Observational Changes in Maternal Sensitivity, Acceptance, Mind-Mindedness, and Dyadic Synchrony." Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 10, 2019, p. 753.
Zeegers MAJ, Potharst ES, Veringa-Skiba IK, et al. Evaluating Mindful With Your Baby/Toddler: Observational Changes in Maternal Sensitivity, Acceptance, Mind-Mindedness, and Dyadic Synchrony. Front Psychol. 2019;10:753.
Zeegers, M. A. J., Potharst, E. S., Veringa-Skiba, I. K., Aktar, E., Goris, M., Bögels, S. M., & Colonnesi, C. (2019). Evaluating Mindful With Your Baby/Toddler: Observational Changes in Maternal Sensitivity, Acceptance, Mind-Mindedness, and Dyadic Synchrony. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, p. 753. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00753.
Zeegers MAJ, et al. Evaluating Mindful With Your Baby/Toddler: Observational Changes in Maternal Sensitivity, Acceptance, Mind-Mindedness, and Dyadic Synchrony. Front Psychol. 2019;10:753. PubMed PMID: 31068848.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Evaluating Mindful With Your Baby/Toddler: Observational Changes in Maternal Sensitivity, Acceptance, Mind-Mindedness, and Dyadic Synchrony. AU - Zeegers,Moniek A J, AU - Potharst,Eva S, AU - Veringa-Skiba,Irena K, AU - Aktar,Evin, AU - Goris,Melissa, AU - Bögels,Susan M, AU - Colonnesi,Cristina, Y1 - 2019/04/24/ PY - 2018/11/30/received PY - 2019/03/19/accepted PY - 2019/5/10/entrez PY - 2019/5/10/pubmed PY - 2019/5/10/medline KW - early intervention KW - emotional communication KW - maternal sensitivity KW - mind-mindedness KW - mindful parenting KW - mother–child interaction SP - 753 EP - 753 JF - Frontiers in psychology JO - Front Psychol VL - 10 N2 - Studies on the effectiveness of mindful parenting interventions predominantly focused on self-report measures of parenting, whereas observational assessments of change are lacking. The present study examined whether the Mindful with your baby/toddler training leads to observed changes in maternal behavior and mother-child interaction quality. Mindful with your baby/toddler is a 8- or 9-week mindful parenting training for clinically referred mothers of young children (aged 0-48 months), who experience parental stress, mother-child interaction problems, and/or whose children experience regulation problems. The study involved a quasi-experimental non-random design including a sample of 50 mothers who were diagnosed with a mood disorder (n = 21, 42%), an anxiety disorder (n = 7, 14%), post-traumatic stress disorder (n = 6, 12%), or other disorder (n = 7, 14%). Mothers completed a parental stress questionnaire and participated in home observations with their babies (n = 36) or toddlers (n = 14) during a waitlist, pretest, and posttest assessment. Maternal sensitivity, acceptance, and mind-mindedness were coded from free-play interactions and dyadic synchrony was coded from face-to-face interactions. Sensitivity and acceptance were coded with the Ainsworth's maternal sensitivity scales. Mind-mindedness was assessed by calculating frequency and proportions of appropriate and nonattuned mind-related comments. Dyadic synchrony was operationalized by co-occurrences of gazes and positive facial expressions and maternal and child responsiveness in vocal interaction within the dyad. Coders were blind to the measurement moment. From waitlist to pretest, no significant improvements were observed. At posttest, mothers reported less parenting stress, and were observed to show more accepting behavior and make less nonattuned comments than at pretest, and children showed higher levels of responsiveness. The outcomes suggest that the Mindful with your baby/toddler training affects not only maternal stress, but also maternal behavior, particularly (over)reactive parenting behaviors, which resulted in more acceptance, better attunement to child's mental world, and more "space" for children to respond to their mothers during interactions. Mindful with your baby/toddler may be a suitable intervention for mothers of young children with (a combination of) maternal psychopathology, parental stress, and problems in the parent-child interaction and child regulation problems. SN - 1664-1078 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31068848/Evaluating_Mindful_With_Your_Baby/Toddler:_Observational_Changes_in_Maternal_Sensitivity_Acceptance_Mind_Mindedness_and_Dyadic_Synchrony_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00753 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -