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Knowledge and perceptions of Indian primary care nurses towards mental illness.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To assess nurses' knowledge and perceptions towards mental illness.

METHODS

This was a cross-sectional descriptive study conducted among 126 randomly selected nurses those are working under District Mental Health program in Karnataka (India). The data was collected through self-reported questionnaires Using the modified version of Public perception of mental illness questionnaire and Attitude Scale for Mental Illness.

RESULTS

The findings revealed that majority of the subjects were women (74.4%), Hindus (92.1%) and were from rural background (69.8%). The mean Knowledge score 10.8±1.6 adequate knowledge (maximum possible =12) among 91% of the subjects, and 52% of them hold negative attitudes towards people with mental illness (88.9±13.6). While majority of the subjects hold negative attitudes in 'Separatism' (53.5%), 'Stereotyping' (73%), 'Benevolence' (54%), 'Pessimistic prediction' (53%) domains, they hold positive attitudes in 'Restrictiveness' (88%) and 'Stigmatization' (72%) domains. Women than men endorsed positive attitudes towards persons with mental illness in Stereotyping' (p<0.001), 'Restrictiveness' (p<0.01), 'Benevolence' (p<0.001) and 'Pessimistic prediction' (t= 2.22, p<0.05) domains. Similarly, Auxiliary Nursing Midwifery found to be less restrictive (p<0.05), more benevolent (p<0.001) and less pessimistic (p<0.05) compared to nurses with higher education (General Nursing and Midwifery and Bachelor of Science in Nursing).

CONCLUSIONS

The present study showed adequate knowledge on mental illness among nurses. Yet they hold stigmatizing and negative attitudes towards mental illness. Hence, it is an urgent priority to develop and implement educational programs to inculcate positive attitudes towards people with mental illness to provide optimal care to this vulnerable population.

Links

Authors+Show Affiliations

,

Department of Nursing, National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences, India, sailaxmi63@yahoo.com.

,

Department of Nursing, National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences, India, pvijayalakshmireddy@gmail.com.

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Department of Nursing, National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences, India, dr.rk76@hotmail.com.

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Department of Nursing, National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences, India, jothisrinivas.jothi@gmail.com.

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Department of Nursing, National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences, India, kushraghusham@gmail.com.

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Department of Nursing, National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences, India, mayamonsahu@gmail.com.

,

Department of Nursing, National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences, India, padmavathinarayanasamy@gmail.com.

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Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences, India, manjunatha.adc@gmail.com.

,

Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences, India, cnkumar1974@gmail.com.

Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences, India, nimhans@gmail.com.

Source

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31083843

Citation

Gandhi, Sailaxmi, et al. "Knowledge and Perceptions of Indian Primary Care Nurses Towards Mental Illness." Investigacion Y Educacion En Enfermeria, vol. 37, no. 1, 2019.
Gandhi S, Poreddi V, Govindan R, et al. Knowledge and perceptions of Indian primary care nurses towards mental illness. Invest Educ Enferm. 2019;37(1).
Gandhi, S., Poreddi, V., Govindan, R., G, J., Anjanappa, S., Sahu, M., ... Badamath, S. (2019). Knowledge and perceptions of Indian primary care nurses towards mental illness. Investigacion Y Educacion En Enfermeria, 37(1), doi:10.17533/udea.iee.v37n1e06.
Gandhi S, et al. Knowledge and Perceptions of Indian Primary Care Nurses Towards Mental Illness. Invest Educ Enferm. 2019;37(1) PubMed PMID: 31083843.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Knowledge and perceptions of Indian primary care nurses towards mental illness. AU - Gandhi,Sailaxmi, AU - Poreddi,Vijayalakshmi, AU - Govindan,Radhakrishnan, AU - G,Jothimani, AU - Anjanappa,Shamala, AU - Sahu,Maya, AU - Narayanasamy,Padmavathi, AU - N,Manjunath, AU - C,Naveenkumar, AU - Badamath,Suresh, PY - 2018/11/14/received PY - 2019/02/11/accepted PY - 2019/5/15/entrez KW - attitude KW - beneficence KW - cross-sectional studies KW - mentally ill persons KW - optimism KW - pessimism KW - primary care nursing KW - self-report KW - stereotyping JF - Investigacion y educacion en enfermeria JO - Invest Educ Enferm VL - 37 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To assess nurses' knowledge and perceptions towards mental illness. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study conducted among 126 randomly selected nurses those are working under District Mental Health program in Karnataka (India). The data was collected through self-reported questionnaires Using the modified version of Public perception of mental illness questionnaire and Attitude Scale for Mental Illness. RESULTS: The findings revealed that majority of the subjects were women (74.4%), Hindus (92.1%) and were from rural background (69.8%). The mean Knowledge score 10.8±1.6 adequate knowledge (maximum possible =12) among 91% of the subjects, and 52% of them hold negative attitudes towards people with mental illness (88.9±13.6). While majority of the subjects hold negative attitudes in 'Separatism' (53.5%), 'Stereotyping' (73%), 'Benevolence' (54%), 'Pessimistic prediction' (53%) domains, they hold positive attitudes in 'Restrictiveness' (88%) and 'Stigmatization' (72%) domains. Women than men endorsed positive attitudes towards persons with mental illness in Stereotyping' (p<0.001), 'Restrictiveness' (p<0.01), 'Benevolence' (p<0.001) and 'Pessimistic prediction' (t= 2.22, p<0.05) domains. Similarly, Auxiliary Nursing Midwifery found to be less restrictive (p<0.05), more benevolent (p<0.001) and less pessimistic (p<0.05) compared to nurses with higher education (General Nursing and Midwifery and Bachelor of Science in Nursing). CONCLUSIONS: The present study showed adequate knowledge on mental illness among nurses. Yet they hold stigmatizing and negative attitudes towards mental illness. Hence, it is an urgent priority to develop and implement educational programs to inculcate positive attitudes towards people with mental illness to provide optimal care to this vulnerable population. SN - 2216-0280 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31083843/Knowledge_and_perceptions_of_Indian_primary_care_nurses_towards_mental_illness DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -