Nonimmunologic Factors Affecting Long-Term Outcomes of Deceased-Donor Kidney Transplant.Exp Clin Transplant 2019EC
We investigated the impact of nonimmuno-logic factors on patient and graft survival after deceased-donor kidney transplant.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
All deceased-donor kidney transplants performed between January 2004 and December 2015 were included in our analyses. We used the independent t test to calculate significant differences between means above and below medians of various parameters.
All study patients (N = 205; 58.7% males) received antithymocyte globulin as induction therapy and standard maintenance therapy. Patients were free from infection, malignancy, and cardiac, liver, and pulmonary system abnormalities. Most patients (89.2%) were recipients of a first graft. Median patient age, weight, and cold ischemia time were 38 years, 65 kg, and 15 hours, respectively. Delayed graft function, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension occurred in 19.1%, 43.4%, and 77.9% of patients, respectively. The 1- and 5-year graft survival rates were 95% and 73.8%. Graft survival was not affected by donor or recipient sex or recipient diabetes or hypertension. However, graft survival was longer in patients who received no graft biopsy (8.2 vs 6.9 y; P = .027) and in those who had diagnosis of calcineurin inhibitor nephrotoxicity versus antibody-mediated rejection after biopsy (8.19 vs 3.66 y; P = .0047). Longer survival was shown with donors who had traumatic death versus cerebro-vascular accident (5.9 vs 5.3 y; P = .029) and donors below the 50th percentile in age (8.23 and 7.14 y; P = .0026) but less with donors who had terminal acute kidney injury (6.97 vs 8.16 y; P = .0062). We found a negative correlation between graft survival and donor age (P = .01) and 1-year serum creatinine (P = .01).
Donor age, cause of brain death, and acute kidney injury affected graft survival in our study cohort but not donor or recipient sex or posttransplant or donor blood pressure.