Bromelain-loaded chitosan nanofibers prepared by electrospinning method for burn wound healing in animal models.Life Sci 2019; 229:57-66LS
Bromelain is a mixture of proteolytic enzymes present in all tissues of pineapple (Ananas comosus). It is known as an efficient debriding agent in burn treatment. In this study, the efficiency of bromelain-loaded chitosan nanofibers for burn wounds repair was investigated in animal model. Chitosan nanofibers containing bromelain (2% and 4% w/v) were prepared by electrospinning method. The physicochemical characteristics of the synthetized nanofibers were evaluated. The release profile and activity of bromelain loaded in nanofibers were also assayed. Cytotoxicity test was carried out using Alamar blue. The burn healing effect of chitosan-2% w/v bromelain nanofiber was studied in the induced burn wounds in rats for 21 days. The efficacy of treatment was assessed by reduction of burn wound area and histological characteristics at different times. Chitosan-2% w/v bromelain showed the better physicochemical properties and release profile as well as low cytotoxicity than chitosan-4% w/v bromelain. The results also indicated that chitosan-2% w/v bromelain nanofiber was more efficient to heal burn skin compared to chitosan nanofiber alone in the animal model tested. The present study concludes that chitosan-2% w/v bromelain nanofiber possesses great wound healing activity and could be considered as an effective natural topical burn wound healing treatment.