Otopetrin-2 Immunolocalization in the Human Macula Utricle.Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2019; 128(6_suppl):96S-102SAO
In the present study, we investigated the localization of otopetrin-2-a member of the otopetrin family that encodes proton-selective ion channels-in the human macula utricle using immunohistochemistry.
Macula utricle were acquired at surgery from patients who required transmastoid labyrinthectomy for intractable vertigo due to Meniere's disease (MD; n = 3) and/or vestibular drops attacks (VDA; n = 2) and from temporal bones (n = 2) acquired at autopsy from individuals with no balance disorders. Immunofluorescence staining with otopetrin-2 (rabbit affinity purified polyclonal antibody) and GFAP (mouse monoclonal antibody) to identify vestibular supporting cells was made in formalin fixed cryostat sections or whole microdissected utricle (for flat mount preparations). Secondary antibodies against rabbit and mouse were used for the identification of both proteins. Digital fluorescent images were obtained using a high-resolution laser confocal microscope.
Using cryostat sections and flat mount preparations otopetrin-2 immunofluorescence was seen as punctated signal throughout the supporting cells cytoplasm. GFAP immunofluorescence was present in the supporting cell cytoplasm. The distribution of otopetrin-2 was similar in the macula utricle obtained from MD, VDA, or autopsy normative patients.
Otopetrin-2 was localized in supporting cells in a similar fashion that otopetrin-1 previously reported in the mouse macula utricle. The differential expression of otopetrin-2 in the supporting cells of the human macula utricle suggest an important role in the vestibular sensory periphery homeostasis and otolith maintenance.