Impaired L-arginine metabolism marks endothelial dysfunction in CD73-deficient mice.Mol Cell Biochem 2019; 458(1-2):133-142MC
Changes in the ecto-5'-nucleotidase activity-an extracellular nucleotide catabolic enzyme may lead to the inflammation and endothelial dysfunction. We investigated the effect of CD73 deletion on the endothelial function and L-arginine metabolism in various age groups of mice. 1-,3-,6-, and 12-month-old, male C57BL/6 J wild type (WT) and C57BL/6 J CD73-/- (CD73-/-) mice were used. Blood samples were used for the analysis of adenine nucleotide concentrations. Serum samples were analyzed for the concentration of amino acids, Interleukin 6 (IL-6), Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 1 (ICAM-1), Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule 1 (VCAM-1), and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) level. Serum and aortic nitrate/nitrite, as well as aortic arginase and NOS activity in endothelial cells (EC) were evaluated. CD73 deletion led to age-dependent increase in IL-6, ICAM-1, and VCAM-1 concentration compared to WT. All CD73-/- mice age groups were characterized by reduced L-Arginine concentration and eNOS level. Significantly lower NOS activity was noticed in EC isolated from CD73-/- mice lungs in comparison to EC isolated from WT lungs. The L-Arginine/ADMA ratio in the CD73-/- decreased in age-dependent manner in comparison to WT. The nitrate/nitrite ratio was reduced in serum and in aortas of 6-month-old CD73-/- mice as compared to WT. The ornithine/arginine and ornithine/citrulline ratios were increased in CD73-/- compared to controls. Blood (erythrocyte) Adenosine-5'-triphosphate and Adenosine-5'-diphosphate levels were reduced in favor to higher blood Adenosine-5'-monophosphate concentration in CD73-/- mice in comparison to WT. The CD73 deletion leads to the development of age-dependent endothelial dysfunction in mice, associated with impaired L-arginine metabolism. CD73 activity seems to protect endothelium.