Efficacy and safety of lixisenatide as add-on therapy to basal insulin in older adults with type 2 diabetes in the GetGoal-O Study.J Diabetes. 2019 Dec; 11(12):971-981.JD
This study compared the efficacy and safety of lixisenatide with placebo as add-on therapy to basal insulin (BI) in adults aged ≥70 years with type 2 diabetes (T2D), with or without moderate renal insufficiency.
This post hoc analysis evaluated data from non-frail patients with T2D inadequately controlled on BI with or without oral antidiabetic drugs (n = 108), randomized to once-daily lixisenatide 20 μg or placebo for 24 weeks (GetGoal-O Study). The primary endpoint was the change in HbA1c from baseline to Week 24. Secondary endpoints included changes from baseline in fasting plasma glucose, 2-hour postprandial plasma glucose (PPG), average seven-point self-monitored plasma glucose (SMPG), area under the curve for SMPG, daily BI dose, body weight, proportion of patients achieving HbA1c > 0.5%, and composite endpoints. Safety outcomes included the incidence of documented symptomatic hypoglycemia (plasma glucose <60 mg/dL) and gastrointestinal treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs). Outcomes were also analyzed by the occurrence of moderate renal insufficiency.
Compared with placebo, lixisenatide-treated patients had significantly greater reductions in HbA1c, 2-hour PPG, average seven-point SMPG, and body weight. Documented symptomatic hypoglycemia was approximately two-fold higher in patients treated with placebo than lixisenatide (12.7% vs 5.7%). GI TEAEs occurred more frequently in the lixisenatide- than placebo-treated group (34% vs 9.1%). Moderate renal insufficiency (estimated glomerular filtration rate between ≥30 and <60 mL/min/1.73 m2) did not negatively affect lixisenatide efficacy or safety. A greater proportion of patients treated with lixisenatide than placebo achieved composite endpoints.
Add-on therapy with lixisenatide in non-frail patients aged ≥70 years with T2D uncontrolled with BI is effective, safe, and well tolerated and should be considered in this population.