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Streptococcus Mutans Strains in Mother-Child Pairs of Children with Early Childhood Caries.
J Clin Pediatr Dent. 2019; 43(4):252-256.JC

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Dental caries is both an infectious and transmissible disease. Maternal transfer of Mutans Streptococci occurs at an early age and is important in the initiation of dental caries in children. The aim of this study was to identify certain strains of Streptococcus mutans in mother-child pairs, of children with early childhood caries.

STUDY DESIGN

Sixty mother-child pairs of healthy children aged 18-36 months were selected. Mothers with high levels of Streptococcus mutans in their saliva and only children with ECC were included. Dental plaque samples were collected from mother-child pairs. The plaque samples were stored, transferred to the laboratory and analyzed for Streptococcus mutans strains c, f, e and k, present in mother-child pairs using Real time Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) technique. Data obtained was subjected to statistical analysis for level of similarity in Streptococcus mutans strains present in mother-child pairs.

RESULTS

A similar distribution of Streptococcus mutans strains c, f and k was identified in 28 mother-child pairs. Streptococcus mutans strain e was seen in 18 pairs.

CONCLUSION

Less than 50% of mother-child pairs showed similarity in distribution of Streptococcus mutans strains.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31094631

Citation

Subramaniam, Priya, and Revathy Suresh. "Streptococcus Mutans Strains in Mother-Child Pairs of Children With Early Childhood Caries." The Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry, vol. 43, no. 4, 2019, pp. 252-256.
Subramaniam P, Suresh R. Streptococcus Mutans Strains in Mother-Child Pairs of Children with Early Childhood Caries. J Clin Pediatr Dent. 2019;43(4):252-256.
Subramaniam, P., & Suresh, R. (2019). Streptococcus Mutans Strains in Mother-Child Pairs of Children with Early Childhood Caries. The Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry, 43(4), 252-256. https://doi.org/10.17796/1053-4625-43.4.5
Subramaniam P, Suresh R. Streptococcus Mutans Strains in Mother-Child Pairs of Children With Early Childhood Caries. J Clin Pediatr Dent. 2019;43(4):252-256. PubMed PMID: 31094631.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Streptococcus Mutans Strains in Mother-Child Pairs of Children with Early Childhood Caries. AU - Subramaniam,Priya, AU - Suresh,Revathy, Y1 - 2019/05/16/ PY - 2019/5/17/pubmed PY - 2019/10/3/medline PY - 2019/5/17/entrez KW - Early childhood caries (ECC) KW - Streptococcus mutans KW - maternal transmission SP - 252 EP - 256 JF - The Journal of clinical pediatric dentistry JO - J Clin Pediatr Dent VL - 43 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Dental caries is both an infectious and transmissible disease. Maternal transfer of Mutans Streptococci occurs at an early age and is important in the initiation of dental caries in children. The aim of this study was to identify certain strains of Streptococcus mutans in mother-child pairs, of children with early childhood caries. STUDY DESIGN: Sixty mother-child pairs of healthy children aged 18-36 months were selected. Mothers with high levels of Streptococcus mutans in their saliva and only children with ECC were included. Dental plaque samples were collected from mother-child pairs. The plaque samples were stored, transferred to the laboratory and analyzed for Streptococcus mutans strains c, f, e and k, present in mother-child pairs using Real time Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) technique. Data obtained was subjected to statistical analysis for level of similarity in Streptococcus mutans strains present in mother-child pairs. RESULTS: A similar distribution of Streptococcus mutans strains c, f and k was identified in 28 mother-child pairs. Streptococcus mutans strain e was seen in 18 pairs. CONCLUSION: Less than 50% of mother-child pairs showed similarity in distribution of Streptococcus mutans strains. SN - 1053-4628 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31094631/Streptococcus_Mutans_Strains_in_Mother_Child_Pairs_of_Children_with_Early_Childhood_Caries_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -