Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology Simulation Training on the 1-3-6 Early Hearing Detection and Intervention Timeline.Am J Audiol 2019; 28(2):348-361AJ
Purpose This study aimed to find out more about the effect of the use of the 1-3-6 early hearing detection and intervention (EHDI) timeline and interprofessional simulation training on audiology and speech-language pathology graduate students' confidence level of knowledge and skills. Method A 1-group pretest-posttest quasi-experimental study design was used to assess self-ratings of confidence in knowledge and skills. The mean age for 50 graduate students participating in this study was 25.32 years (SD = ±3.77, range: 22-37 years). Participants completed a pre- and postevent questionnaire in which they rated their level of confidence for specific knowledge and skills. Three case scenarios represented by standardized parents were developed, and 8 students volunteered to participate in implementing the 1-3-6 EHDI timeline, whereas others participated as observers. All participants participated in the briefing and debriefing sessions immediately before and after each scenario. Participants were asked to rate their readiness for interprofessional education/practice and their satisfaction of the educational experience after the last case scenario. Results Overall, the pre- and postsimulation event questionnaire revealed a significant improvement in the participants' self-rated confidence levels in knowledge and skills. The mean difference between pre- and postevent scores was 0.78 (p < .01). The mean interprofessional learning was 2.13 (range: 1.16-2.57, SD = ±0.24) based on a Likert scale, where 1 = strongly agree and 5 = strongly disagree. The mean satisfaction level was 4.37 (range: 3.94-4.72, SD = ±0.24) based on a Likert scale, where 1 = not satisfied and 5 = very satisfied. Conclusions The results demonstrated the value of using interprofessional simulation training among audiology and speech-language pathology students to improve their confidence in knowledge and skills. The curriculum developed in this study for the 1-3-6 EHDI timeline provides resources for educators in both professions and other related professions.