Characteristic and mechanism of sorption and desorption of benzene on humic acid.Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2019 Jul; 26(20):20277-20285.ES
The sorption/desorption behaviors of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene (BTEX) on soil organic matter (SOM) have a significant influence on their fate and bioavailability in soil. Humic acid (HA) is a major fraction of SOM. And due to its various structural properties and chemical composition, the sorption/desorption characteristics and mechanisms of HA are diverse for organic contaminants. In this study, batch experiments were conducted to investigate the sorption/desorption behavior of benzene on HA at different conditions (temperature, pH, and ionic strength). The particle size of HA increased at lower initial pH which promoted sorption capacity for benzene, illustrating that HA with larger particle size may develop preferential chemical conformation for benzene sorption at lower pH. Sorption isotherms indicated that the sorption of benzene on HA is an exothermic and spontaneous physical process. And kinetic studies showed that the sorption of benzene on HA is controlled by the diffusion process and the availability of sorption sites. Meanwhile, weak sorbent-sorbate interaction is presented in the desorption experiment. There was no obvious effect of ionic strength on benzene sorption, suggesting that the sorption process is not controlled by ion-exchange or electrostatic interaction. Combined with FTIR analysis, the hydrophobic partitioning and π-π conjugative interaction are the possible sorption mechanisms of benzene on HA.