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Patent Foramen Ovale: Pivotal Role of Transesophageal Echocardiography in the Indications for Closure, Assessment of Varying Anatomies and Post-procedure Follow-up.
Ultrasound Med Biol 2019; 45(8):1882-1895UM

Abstract

Patent foramen ovale (PFO) is present in 15%-30% of the general population and has been associated with various pathologic states, including cryptogenic stroke, platypnea-orthodeoxia syndrome, decompression sickness and migraine with auras. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has a major role in the diagnostic evaluation of PFO, as well as in the post-procedural assessment after transcatheter closure. The goals of this article were to synthesize the echocardiographic transesophageal techniques required for accurate PFO diagnosis and careful anatomic assessment of its anatomic variants, to focus TEE indications for device closure as complementary to clinical indications and to assess the role of TEE in the post-procedure follow-up.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Cardiology, Sapienza University, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: vitar@tiscali.it.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31104864

Citation

Vitarelli, Antonio. "Patent Foramen Ovale: Pivotal Role of Transesophageal Echocardiography in the Indications for Closure, Assessment of Varying Anatomies and Post-procedure Follow-up." Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology, vol. 45, no. 8, 2019, pp. 1882-1895.
Vitarelli A. Patent Foramen Ovale: Pivotal Role of Transesophageal Echocardiography in the Indications for Closure, Assessment of Varying Anatomies and Post-procedure Follow-up. Ultrasound Med Biol. 2019;45(8):1882-1895.
Vitarelli, A. (2019). Patent Foramen Ovale: Pivotal Role of Transesophageal Echocardiography in the Indications for Closure, Assessment of Varying Anatomies and Post-procedure Follow-up. Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology, 45(8), pp. 1882-1895. doi:10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2019.04.015.
Vitarelli A. Patent Foramen Ovale: Pivotal Role of Transesophageal Echocardiography in the Indications for Closure, Assessment of Varying Anatomies and Post-procedure Follow-up. Ultrasound Med Biol. 2019;45(8):1882-1895. PubMed PMID: 31104864.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Patent Foramen Ovale: Pivotal Role of Transesophageal Echocardiography in the Indications for Closure, Assessment of Varying Anatomies and Post-procedure Follow-up. A1 - Vitarelli,Antonio, Y1 - 2019/05/17/ PY - 2019/01/12/received PY - 2019/03/09/revised PY - 2019/04/12/accepted PY - 2019/5/21/pubmed PY - 2019/5/21/medline PY - 2019/5/21/entrez KW - Device closure KW - Patent foramen ovale KW - Transesophageal echocardiography SP - 1882 EP - 1895 JF - Ultrasound in medicine & biology JO - Ultrasound Med Biol VL - 45 IS - 8 N2 - Patent foramen ovale (PFO) is present in 15%-30% of the general population and has been associated with various pathologic states, including cryptogenic stroke, platypnea-orthodeoxia syndrome, decompression sickness and migraine with auras. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has a major role in the diagnostic evaluation of PFO, as well as in the post-procedural assessment after transcatheter closure. The goals of this article were to synthesize the echocardiographic transesophageal techniques required for accurate PFO diagnosis and careful anatomic assessment of its anatomic variants, to focus TEE indications for device closure as complementary to clinical indications and to assess the role of TEE in the post-procedure follow-up. SN - 1879-291X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31104864/Patent_Foramen_Ovale:_Pivotal_Role_of_Transesophageal_Echocardiography_in_the_Indications_for_Closure,_Assessment_of_Varying_Anatomies_and_Post-procedure_Follow-up L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0301-5629(19)30172-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -