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The prevalence of developmental anomalies among school children in Southern district of Andhra Pradesh, India.
J Oral Maxillofac Pathol. 2019 Jan-Apr; 23(1):160.JO

Abstract

Background

The developmental anomalies of oral cavity are malformations affecting dental and oral tissues. Anomalies of teeth can be associated with primary, mixed or adult dentitions. Anomalies are the results of perturbations in the developmental stages of tissues which may be influenced by genetic and/or environmental factors.

Aim and Objectives

The primary objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of oral and dental anomalies among school attending children in Chittoor and Kadapa districts of Andhra Pradesh. The secondary objective of this study was to compare occurrence of anomalies based on the age stratification to denote primary, mixed and adult dentitions.

Materials and Methods

A total of 5000 school children, aged 3-15 years were invited to participate in the study. Information regarding age, sex, level of school education, brushing and hygiene habits were collected using a questionnaire. Intra- and extra-oral examinations were conducted by trained dental surgeons. Clinical data were collected by a single examiner and the details of these anomalies were recorded on the data sheet of the study. The obtained data were statistically analyzed using Chi-square test.

Results

Overall prevalence of developmental anomalies was 11.40% and documented 14 types of anomalies. The prevalence of documented anomalies is as follows: tongue-tie 197 (3.90%), dental fluorosis 171 (3.40%), high frenal attachments 156 (3.10%), cusp of Carabelli 14 (0.30%), supernumerary teeth 11 (0.20%), microdontia 4 (0.10%), congenitally missing teeth 4 (0.10%), lip pits 3 (0.08%), fusion 2 (0.04%), retained deciduous teeth 2 (0.04%) and one case of angular cheilitis, cleft lip and cleft palate, talon cusp, amelogenesis imperfecta (0.02%). The prevalence of dental anomalies was 18.10% in 3-5 years, 52.30% among 6-12 years and 29.6% in 13-15 years. Chi-square test was statistically significant (P = 0.003).

Conclusions

Tongue-tie was the most frequent oral tissue developmental anomaly and fluorosis was the most common developmental anomaly affecting dental tissue. The prevalence rate of the study was compared with studies published from other geographical regions in India. The variations in the reported prevalence of developmental anomalies are probably related to genetic and environmental conditions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, CKS Theja Institute of Dental Sciences, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India.Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Sree Mookambika Institute of Dental Sciences, Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu, India.Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Kamineni Institute of Dental Sciences, Narketpally, Telangana, India.Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, CKS Theja Institute of Dental Sciences, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India.Department of Oral Pathology, GSL Dental College, Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh, India.School of Dentistry, Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies, Mona, Kingston, Jamaica.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31110441

Citation

Bandaru, Brijesh Krishna, et al. "The Prevalence of Developmental Anomalies Among School Children in Southern District of Andhra Pradesh, India." Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology : JOMFP, vol. 23, no. 1, 2019, p. 160.
Bandaru BK, Thankappan P, Kumar Nandan SR, et al. The prevalence of developmental anomalies among school children in Southern district of Andhra Pradesh, India. J Oral Maxillofac Pathol. 2019;23(1):160.
Bandaru, B. K., Thankappan, P., Kumar Nandan, S. R., Amudala, R., Annem, S. K., & Rajendra Santosh, A. B. (2019). The prevalence of developmental anomalies among school children in Southern district of Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology : JOMFP, 23(1), 160. https://doi.org/10.4103/jomfp.JOMFP_119_18
Bandaru BK, et al. The Prevalence of Developmental Anomalies Among School Children in Southern District of Andhra Pradesh, India. J Oral Maxillofac Pathol. 2019 Jan-Apr;23(1):160. PubMed PMID: 31110441.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The prevalence of developmental anomalies among school children in Southern district of Andhra Pradesh, India. AU - Bandaru,Brijesh Krishna, AU - Thankappan,Prasanth, AU - Kumar Nandan,Surapaneni Ratheesh, AU - Amudala,Rajesh, AU - Annem,Sudarshan Kumar, AU - Rajendra Santosh,Arvind Babu, PY - 2019/5/22/entrez PY - 2019/5/22/pubmed PY - 2019/5/22/medline KW - Congenital KW - dental anomaly KW - oral anomaly KW - prevalence KW - primary and mixed dentition SP - 160 EP - 160 JF - Journal of oral and maxillofacial pathology : JOMFP JO - J Oral Maxillofac Pathol VL - 23 IS - 1 N2 - Background: The developmental anomalies of oral cavity are malformations affecting dental and oral tissues. Anomalies of teeth can be associated with primary, mixed or adult dentitions. Anomalies are the results of perturbations in the developmental stages of tissues which may be influenced by genetic and/or environmental factors. Aim and Objectives: The primary objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of oral and dental anomalies among school attending children in Chittoor and Kadapa districts of Andhra Pradesh. The secondary objective of this study was to compare occurrence of anomalies based on the age stratification to denote primary, mixed and adult dentitions. Materials and Methods: A total of 5000 school children, aged 3-15 years were invited to participate in the study. Information regarding age, sex, level of school education, brushing and hygiene habits were collected using a questionnaire. Intra- and extra-oral examinations were conducted by trained dental surgeons. Clinical data were collected by a single examiner and the details of these anomalies were recorded on the data sheet of the study. The obtained data were statistically analyzed using Chi-square test. Results: Overall prevalence of developmental anomalies was 11.40% and documented 14 types of anomalies. The prevalence of documented anomalies is as follows: tongue-tie 197 (3.90%), dental fluorosis 171 (3.40%), high frenal attachments 156 (3.10%), cusp of Carabelli 14 (0.30%), supernumerary teeth 11 (0.20%), microdontia 4 (0.10%), congenitally missing teeth 4 (0.10%), lip pits 3 (0.08%), fusion 2 (0.04%), retained deciduous teeth 2 (0.04%) and one case of angular cheilitis, cleft lip and cleft palate, talon cusp, amelogenesis imperfecta (0.02%). The prevalence of dental anomalies was 18.10% in 3-5 years, 52.30% among 6-12 years and 29.6% in 13-15 years. Chi-square test was statistically significant (P = 0.003). Conclusions: Tongue-tie was the most frequent oral tissue developmental anomaly and fluorosis was the most common developmental anomaly affecting dental tissue. The prevalence rate of the study was compared with studies published from other geographical regions in India. The variations in the reported prevalence of developmental anomalies are probably related to genetic and environmental conditions. SN - 0973-029X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31110441/The_prevalence_of_developmental_anomalies_among_school_children_in_Southern_district_of_Andhra_Pradesh,_India L2 - http://www.jomfp.in/article.asp?issn=0973-029X;year=2019;volume=23;issue=1;spage=160;epage=160;aulast=Bandaru DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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