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The glass is not half empty: optimism, pessimism, and health among older adults.
Int Psychogeriatr 2019; :1-5IP

Abstract

ABSTRACT

Objectives:

Optimism and pessimism are distinct constructs that have demonstrated independent relationships with aspects of health and well-being. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether optimism or pessimism is more closely linked with physical and mental health among older adults.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional survey.

PARTICIPANTS

Community-dwelling older adults (N = 272) ages 59-95 in the southern United States.

MEASUREMENTS

The Life Orientation Test-Revised and the Short Form 8.

RESULTS

At the bivariate level, optimism was associated with higher physical health and mental health, while pessimism was associated with lower physical health and mental health. Multiple-regression analyses as well as comparison of correlation coefficients found that pessimism was more closely associated with physical health and mental health than optimism.

CONCLUSIONS

These results add to the literature suggesting that, in terms of older adults' health and well-being, avoiding pessimism may be more important than being optimistic.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology and Counseling, The University of Texas at Tyler,Tyler, Texas,USA.School of Behavioral Sciences and Education, Pennsylvania State University Harrisburg,Middletown, Pennsylvania,USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31111803

Citation

Barnett, Michael D., and Ellen A. Anderson. "The Glass Is Not Half Empty: Optimism, Pessimism, and Health Among Older Adults." International Psychogeriatrics, 2019, pp. 1-5.
Barnett MD, Anderson EA. The glass is not half empty: optimism, pessimism, and health among older adults. Int Psychogeriatr. 2019.
Barnett, M. D., & Anderson, E. A. (2019). The glass is not half empty: optimism, pessimism, and health among older adults. International Psychogeriatrics, pp. 1-5. doi:10.1017/S1041610219000498.
Barnett MD, Anderson EA. The Glass Is Not Half Empty: Optimism, Pessimism, and Health Among Older Adults. Int Psychogeriatr. 2019 May 21;1-5. PubMed PMID: 31111803.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The glass is not half empty: optimism, pessimism, and health among older adults. AU - Barnett,Michael D, AU - Anderson,Ellen A, Y1 - 2019/05/21/ PY - 2019/5/22/entrez KW - mental health KW - physical health SP - 1 EP - 5 JF - International psychogeriatrics JO - Int Psychogeriatr N2 - : ABSTRACTObjectives:Optimism and pessimism are distinct constructs that have demonstrated independent relationships with aspects of health and well-being. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether optimism or pessimism is more closely linked with physical and mental health among older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling older adults (N = 272) ages 59-95 in the southern United States. MEASUREMENTS: The Life Orientation Test-Revised and the Short Form 8. RESULTS: At the bivariate level, optimism was associated with higher physical health and mental health, while pessimism was associated with lower physical health and mental health. Multiple-regression analyses as well as comparison of correlation coefficients found that pessimism was more closely associated with physical health and mental health than optimism. CONCLUSIONS: These results add to the literature suggesting that, in terms of older adults' health and well-being, avoiding pessimism may be more important than being optimistic. SN - 1741-203X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31111803/The_glass_is_not_half_empty:_optimism,_pessimism,_and_health_among_older_adults L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S1041610219000498/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -