Simultaneous Particle Size Reduction and Homogeneous Mixing to Produce Combinational Powder Formulations for Inhalation by the Single-Step Co-Jet Milling.J Pharm Sci. 2019 09; 108(9):3146-3151.JP
Homogeneous mixing of 2 cohesive jet-milled drug powders is a challenge for pharmaceutical manufacturing on account of their cohesive nature resulting in the formation of strong and random agglomerates. In this study, colistin and ciprofloxacin were co-jet milled to develop combinational antibiotic dry powder formulations for inhalation. The properties of particle size, morphology, content uniformity, and in vitro aerosolization were evaluated. The distribution of 2 drugs in the co-jet milled powders was assessed using time-of-flight-secondary ion mass spectrometry. The co-jet milled powders demonstrated an acceptable content uniformity indicating homogeneity. In general, time-of-flight-secondary ion mass spectrometry images showed relatively homogeneous distributions of ciprofloxacin and colistin in the co-milled formulations. Importantly, the 2 drugs generally had the similar fine particle fraction and deposition behavior in each combinational formulation supporting that the particle mixtures were relatively homogenous and could maximize the antimicrobial synergy. In conclusion, co-jet milling could be a viable technique to produce the combination powders for inhalation.