Facilitated transfer of glucose from blood into perilymph in the rat cochlea.Am J Physiol. 1987 Jul; 253(1 Pt 2):F59-65.AJ
The transport of glucose into cochlear endolymph, perilymph of scala vestibuli and perilymph of scala tympani, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was studied after intravenous administration of tracers of D-glucose, L-glucose, and 3-O-methyl-D-glucose in anesthetized rats. The data showed that D-glucose concentrations in perilymph of scala vestibuli, perilymph of scala tympani, and CSF were approximately 50%, and in endolymph less than 10%, that in plasma; D-glucose concentration in perilymph of scala vestibuli, perilymph of scala tympani, and CSF increased as a linear function of that in plasma; D-glucose entry into perilymph of scala vestibuli, perilymph of scala tympani, and CSF was more rapid than that of L-glucose; after infusion of 3-O-methyl-D-glucose, but not after that of mannitol, both the D-glucose concentration ratio of perilymph over plasma and D-glucose transfer into perilymph were lowered. These results indicate that D-glucose enters into perilymph of scala vestibuli by a facilitated transport, possibly located at the blood-perilymph barrier.