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Dermoscopy is a new diagnostic tool in diagnosis of common hypopigmented macular disease: A descriptive study.
Dermatol Reports. 2019 Jan 23; 11(1):7916.DR

Abstract

One of the most frequent complaints in dermatology clinics is the eruption of hypopigmented patchy skin lesions. The aim of the study was to investigate the utility of dermoscopy in common hypopigmented macular diseases. Patients with the followings diseases were examined by dermoscopy: vitiligo, pityriasis alba, nevus depigmentosus, achromic pityriasis versicolor, idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis, and extragenital guttate lichen sclerosus. This study showed that these hypopigmented macular diseases might display specific dermoscopic features. In vitiligo, the mean dermoscopic features were the presence of a diffuse white glow with perifollicular pigment, perilesional hyperpigmentation, leukotrichia and the pigmentary network. In idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis, the characteristic features were the presence of multiple, shiny, scaly macules with welland ill-defined edges borders that coalesced into polycyclic macules. For nevus depigmentosus, the mean features were hypopigmented patches with irregular border with a faint reticular network. For pityriasis alba, the fairly ill-demarcated hypopigmented macules with fine scales were the mean feature. In lichen sclerosus, there were white structureless areas, perilesional erythematous halo, follicular plugging and white chrysalis like structures. Dermoscopy of achromic pityriasis versicolor showed a fairly demarcated white area with fine scales localized in the skin creases.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Faculty of Medicine, Mutah University, Jordan.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31119026

Citation

Al-Refu, Khitam. "Dermoscopy Is a New Diagnostic Tool in Diagnosis of Common Hypopigmented Macular Disease: a Descriptive Study." Dermatology Reports, vol. 11, no. 1, 2019, p. 7916.
Al-Refu K. Dermoscopy is a new diagnostic tool in diagnosis of common hypopigmented macular disease: A descriptive study. Dermatol Reports. 2019;11(1):7916.
Al-Refu, K. (2019). Dermoscopy is a new diagnostic tool in diagnosis of common hypopigmented macular disease: A descriptive study. Dermatology Reports, 11(1), 7916. https://doi.org/10.4081/dr.2018.7916
Al-Refu K. Dermoscopy Is a New Diagnostic Tool in Diagnosis of Common Hypopigmented Macular Disease: a Descriptive Study. Dermatol Reports. 2019 Jan 23;11(1):7916. PubMed PMID: 31119026.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dermoscopy is a new diagnostic tool in diagnosis of common hypopigmented macular disease: A descriptive study. A1 - Al-Refu,Khitam, Y1 - 2018/12/21/ PY - 2018/10/26/received PY - 2018/11/29/accepted PY - 2019/5/24/entrez PY - 2019/5/24/pubmed PY - 2019/5/24/medline KW - Dermoscopy KW - Diagnosis KW - Hypopigmented macules KW - Vitiligo SP - 7916 EP - 7916 JF - Dermatology reports JO - Dermatol Reports VL - 11 IS - 1 N2 - One of the most frequent complaints in dermatology clinics is the eruption of hypopigmented patchy skin lesions. The aim of the study was to investigate the utility of dermoscopy in common hypopigmented macular diseases. Patients with the followings diseases were examined by dermoscopy: vitiligo, pityriasis alba, nevus depigmentosus, achromic pityriasis versicolor, idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis, and extragenital guttate lichen sclerosus. This study showed that these hypopigmented macular diseases might display specific dermoscopic features. In vitiligo, the mean dermoscopic features were the presence of a diffuse white glow with perifollicular pigment, perilesional hyperpigmentation, leukotrichia and the pigmentary network. In idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis, the characteristic features were the presence of multiple, shiny, scaly macules with welland ill-defined edges borders that coalesced into polycyclic macules. For nevus depigmentosus, the mean features were hypopigmented patches with irregular border with a faint reticular network. For pityriasis alba, the fairly ill-demarcated hypopigmented macules with fine scales were the mean feature. In lichen sclerosus, there were white structureless areas, perilesional erythematous halo, follicular plugging and white chrysalis like structures. Dermoscopy of achromic pityriasis versicolor showed a fairly demarcated white area with fine scales localized in the skin creases. SN - 2036-7392 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31119026/Dermoscopy_is_a_new_diagnostic_tool_in_diagnosis_of_common_hypopigmented_macular_disease:_A_descriptive_study_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.4081/dr.2018.7916 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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