Hemin reduces postoperative ileus in a heme oxygenase 1-dependent manner while dimethyl fumarate does without heme oxygenase 1-induction.
BACKGROUNDPostoperative ileus (POI), the impairment of gastrointestinal motility after abdominal surgery, is mainly due to intestinal muscular inflammation. Carbon monoxide (CO)-releasing compounds were shown to exert an anti-inflammatory effect in murine POI partially through induction of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1). The influence of hemin and dimethyl fumarate (DMF), currently used for multiple sclerosis (MS), was therefore tested in murine POI.
METHODSC57BL/6J mice were anesthetized and after laparotomy, POI was induced via intestinal manipulation (IM). Animals were treated with either 30 mg kg-1 hemin intraperitoneally (ip), 30 mg kg-1 DMF ip, or 100 mg kg-1 intragastrically (ig) 24 hours before IM. Intestinal transit was assessed 24 hours postoperatively and mucosa-free muscularis or whole segments of the small intestine were stored for later analysis. Intestinal HO-1 protein expression was studied at 6, 12, and 24 hours after administration of hemin or DMF in non-manipulated mice.
KEY RESULTSPretreatment with hemin and DMF, both ig and ip, prevented the delayed transit seen after IM. Concomitantly, both hemin and DMF significantly reduced the increased interleukin-6 levels and the elevated leukocyte infiltration in the muscularis. Hemin but not DMF caused a significant increase in intestinal HO-1 protein expression and co-administration of the HO-1 inhibitor chromium mesoporphyrin abolished the protective effects of hemin on POI; DMF reduced the IM-induced activation of NF-κB and ERK 1/2.
CONCLUSIONS AND INFERENCESBoth hemin and DMF improve the delayed transit and inflammation seen in murine POI, but only hemin does so in a HO-1-dependent manner.
Department of Basic and Applied Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.,
Department of Human Structure and Repair, Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.,
Unit of Molecular Signal Transduction in Inflammation, Center for Inflammation Research, VIB, Ghent, Belgium. Department of Biomedical Molecular Biology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
Department of Basic and Applied Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
Pub Type(s)Journal Article