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Micronutrient Status of Recreational Runners with Vegetarian or Non-Vegetarian Dietary Patterns.
Nutrients. 2019 May 22; 11(5)N

Abstract

Vegetarian diets have gained popularity in sports. However, few data exist on the status of micronutrients and related biomarkers for vegetarian and vegan athletes. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to compare the micronutrient status of omnivorous (OMN, n = 27), lacto-ovo-vegetarian (LOV, n = 26), and vegan (VEG, n = 28) recreational runners. Biomarkers of vitamin B12, folate, vitamin D, and iron were assessed. Additionally, serum levels of calcium, magnesium, and zinc were examined. Lifestyle factors and supplement intake were recorded via questionnaires. About 80% of each group showed vitamin B12 adequacy with higher levels in supplement users. Mean red blood cell folate exceeded the reference range (>340 nmol/L) in all three groups (OMN: 2213 ± 444, LOV: 2236 ± 596, and VEG: 2354 ± 639 nmol/L; not significant, n.s.). Furthermore, vitamin D levels were comparable (OMN: 90.6 ± 32.1, LOV: 76.8 ± 33.7, and VEG: 86.2 ± 39.5 nmol/L; n.s.), and we found low prevalence (<20%) of vitamin D inadequacy in all three groups. Less than 30% of each group had depleted iron stores, however, iron deficiency anemia was not found in any subject. Our findings suggest that a well-planned, health-conscious lacto-ovo-vegetarian and vegan diet, including supplements, can meet the athlete's requirements of vitamin B12, vitamin D and iron.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Faculty of Natural Sciences, Institute of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Leibniz University Hannover, 30159 Hannover, Germany. nebl@nutrition.uni-hannover.de.Faculty of Natural Sciences, Institute of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Leibniz University Hannover, 30159 Hannover, Germany. schuchardt@nutrition.uni-hannover.de.Faculty of Natural Sciences, Institute of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Leibniz University Hannover, 30159 Hannover, Germany. stroehle@nutrition.uni-hannover.de.Faculty of Natural Sciences, Institute of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Leibniz University Hannover, 30159 Hannover, Germany. wasserfurth@nutrition.uni-hannover.de.Institute of Sports Medicine, Hannover Medical School, 30625 Hannover, Germany. Haufe.Sven@mh-hannover.de.Institute of Sports Medicine, Hannover Medical School, 30625 Hannover, Germany. Eigendorf.Julian@mh-hannover.de.Institute of Sports Medicine, Hannover Medical School, 30625 Hannover, Germany. Tegtbur.Uwe@mh-hannover.de.Faculty of Natural Sciences, Institute of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Leibniz University Hannover, 30159 Hannover, Germany. hahn@nutrition.uni-hannover.de.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31121930

Citation

Nebl, Josefine, et al. "Micronutrient Status of Recreational Runners With Vegetarian or Non-Vegetarian Dietary Patterns." Nutrients, vol. 11, no. 5, 2019.
Nebl J, Schuchardt JP, Ströhle A, et al. Micronutrient Status of Recreational Runners with Vegetarian or Non-Vegetarian Dietary Patterns. Nutrients. 2019;11(5).
Nebl, J., Schuchardt, J. P., Ströhle, A., Wasserfurth, P., Haufe, S., Eigendorf, J., Tegtbur, U., & Hahn, A. (2019). Micronutrient Status of Recreational Runners with Vegetarian or Non-Vegetarian Dietary Patterns. Nutrients, 11(5). https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11051146
Nebl J, et al. Micronutrient Status of Recreational Runners With Vegetarian or Non-Vegetarian Dietary Patterns. Nutrients. 2019 May 22;11(5) PubMed PMID: 31121930.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Micronutrient Status of Recreational Runners with Vegetarian or Non-Vegetarian Dietary Patterns. AU - Nebl,Josefine, AU - Schuchardt,Jan Philipp, AU - Ströhle,Alexander, AU - Wasserfurth,Paulina, AU - Haufe,Sven, AU - Eigendorf,Julian, AU - Tegtbur,Uwe, AU - Hahn,Andreas, Y1 - 2019/05/22/ PY - 2019/04/11/received PY - 2019/05/07/revised PY - 2019/05/20/accepted PY - 2019/5/25/entrez PY - 2019/5/28/pubmed PY - 2019/12/18/medline KW - nutrient status KW - nutrient supply KW - recreational athletes KW - veganism KW - vegetarianism JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 11 IS - 5 N2 - Vegetarian diets have gained popularity in sports. However, few data exist on the status of micronutrients and related biomarkers for vegetarian and vegan athletes. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to compare the micronutrient status of omnivorous (OMN, n = 27), lacto-ovo-vegetarian (LOV, n = 26), and vegan (VEG, n = 28) recreational runners. Biomarkers of vitamin B12, folate, vitamin D, and iron were assessed. Additionally, serum levels of calcium, magnesium, and zinc were examined. Lifestyle factors and supplement intake were recorded via questionnaires. About 80% of each group showed vitamin B12 adequacy with higher levels in supplement users. Mean red blood cell folate exceeded the reference range (>340 nmol/L) in all three groups (OMN: 2213 ± 444, LOV: 2236 ± 596, and VEG: 2354 ± 639 nmol/L; not significant, n.s.). Furthermore, vitamin D levels were comparable (OMN: 90.6 ± 32.1, LOV: 76.8 ± 33.7, and VEG: 86.2 ± 39.5 nmol/L; n.s.), and we found low prevalence (<20%) of vitamin D inadequacy in all three groups. Less than 30% of each group had depleted iron stores, however, iron deficiency anemia was not found in any subject. Our findings suggest that a well-planned, health-conscious lacto-ovo-vegetarian and vegan diet, including supplements, can meet the athlete's requirements of vitamin B12, vitamin D and iron. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31121930/Micronutrient_Status_of_Recreational_Runners_with_Vegetarian_or_Non_Vegetarian_Dietary_Patterns_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -