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Adolescent Reactive and Proactive Aggression, and Bullying in Hong Kong: Prevalence, Psychosocial Correlates, and Prevention.
J Adolesc Health 2019; 64(6S):S65-S72JA

Abstract

The negative impacts of aggressive bullying behavior by adolescents on both the bullies and victims are being increasingly recognized as social and economic problems. At the same time, there are alarming trends in face-to-face and online aggression and bullying behavior in Hong Kong. Since the 1970s, prevention and intervention programs to reduce bullying behavior have been implemented in schools in Western countries; however, antibullying and antiaggression programs in Hong Kong schools only began in the 2000s. There are two ways of defining the target groups for these intervention programs. Programs using a one-factor model categorize the adolescents who exhibit bullying behavior into a single group, bullies, whereas two-factor models distinguish two subtypes of aggression: reactive and proactive aggression. The former approach is emphasized in the Restorative Whole-school Approach with Shared Concern method, which uses mediation to reduce bullying in schools. The two-factor approach differentiates adolescents' behaviors into reactive, proactive, or occurring reactive-proactive aggression based on the functions and underlying goals of their actions. Specific interventions are then designed to address the particular features and psychosocial correlates of reactive and proactive aggression. The aim is to develop the positive development attributes related to specific types of aggression and thus reduce aggressive behavior in schools.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Social and Behavioural Sciences, City University of Hong Kong, Kowloon, Hong Kong, PR China. Electronic address: annis.fung@cityu.edu.hk.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31122552

Citation

Fung, Annis Lai Chu. "Adolescent Reactive and Proactive Aggression, and Bullying in Hong Kong: Prevalence, Psychosocial Correlates, and Prevention." The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, vol. 64, no. 6S, 2019, pp. S65-S72.
Fung ALC. Adolescent Reactive and Proactive Aggression, and Bullying in Hong Kong: Prevalence, Psychosocial Correlates, and Prevention. J Adolesc Health. 2019;64(6S):S65-S72.
Fung, A. L. C. (2019). Adolescent Reactive and Proactive Aggression, and Bullying in Hong Kong: Prevalence, Psychosocial Correlates, and Prevention. The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, 64(6S), pp. S65-S72. doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2018.09.018.
Fung ALC. Adolescent Reactive and Proactive Aggression, and Bullying in Hong Kong: Prevalence, Psychosocial Correlates, and Prevention. J Adolesc Health. 2019;64(6S):S65-S72. PubMed PMID: 31122552.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Adolescent Reactive and Proactive Aggression, and Bullying in Hong Kong: Prevalence, Psychosocial Correlates, and Prevention. A1 - Fung,Annis Lai Chu, PY - 2018/06/12/received PY - 2018/09/06/revised PY - 2018/09/08/accepted PY - 2019/5/25/entrez KW - Adolescent KW - Bullying KW - Hong Kong KW - Proactive aggression KW - Reactive aggression SP - S65 EP - S72 JF - The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine JO - J Adolesc Health VL - 64 IS - 6S N2 - The negative impacts of aggressive bullying behavior by adolescents on both the bullies and victims are being increasingly recognized as social and economic problems. At the same time, there are alarming trends in face-to-face and online aggression and bullying behavior in Hong Kong. Since the 1970s, prevention and intervention programs to reduce bullying behavior have been implemented in schools in Western countries; however, antibullying and antiaggression programs in Hong Kong schools only began in the 2000s. There are two ways of defining the target groups for these intervention programs. Programs using a one-factor model categorize the adolescents who exhibit bullying behavior into a single group, bullies, whereas two-factor models distinguish two subtypes of aggression: reactive and proactive aggression. The former approach is emphasized in the Restorative Whole-school Approach with Shared Concern method, which uses mediation to reduce bullying in schools. The two-factor approach differentiates adolescents' behaviors into reactive, proactive, or occurring reactive-proactive aggression based on the functions and underlying goals of their actions. Specific interventions are then designed to address the particular features and psychosocial correlates of reactive and proactive aggression. The aim is to develop the positive development attributes related to specific types of aggression and thus reduce aggressive behavior in schools. SN - 1879-1972 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31122552/Adolescent_Reactive_and_Proactive_Aggression_and_Bullying_in_Hong_Kong:_Prevalence_Psychosocial_Correlates_and_Prevention_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1054-139X(18)30433-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -