Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Legal cynicism: Independent construct or downstream manifestation of antisocial constructs? New evidence.
Int J Law Psychiatry 2019 May - Jun; 64:211-218IJ

Abstract

Researchers have found that legal cynicism is a significant predictor of crime. Although legal cynicism developed as a form of anomie, it is also plausible that legal cynicism is itself a deviant rationalization to justify one's criminal behavior. As such, legal cynicism might be a derivative manifestation of other individual-level constructs that bear on criminal propensity. We test this possibility by controlling for temperament traits related to antisocial behavior and psychopathic personality features in a sample of residentially incarcerated youth (N = 253). Results from negative binomial models revealed that legal cynicism was significantly associated with self-reported delinquency (including violence), but not total arrests. The significant associations with general delinquency and violence held even when controlling for sociodemographic characteristics. However, the associations were rendered either non-significant or greatly attenuated when we included temperament and psychopathy measures in the models. Overall, findings are convergent with the notion that legal cynicism is a consequence or product of antisocial traits and criminal propensity.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Iowa State University, United States.Iowa State University, United States.Iowa State University, United States. Electronic address: delisi@iastate.edu.Iowa State University, United States.Iowa State University, United States.Saint Louis University, United States.

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article

Language

spa

PubMed ID

31122632

Citation

Ameri, Taylor, et al. "" International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, vol. 64, 2019, pp. 211-218.
Ameri T, Burgason KA, DeLisi M, et al. Int J Law Psychiatry. 2019;64:211-218.
Ameri, T., Burgason, K. A., DeLisi, M., Heirigs, M. H., Hochstetler, A., & Vaughn, M. G. (2019). International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 64, pp. 211-218. doi:10.1016/j.ijlp.2019.04.008.
Ameri T, et al. . Int J Law Psychiatry. 2019;64:211-218. PubMed PMID: 31122632.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - AU - Ameri,Taylor, AU - Burgason,Kyle A, AU - DeLisi,Matt, AU - Heirigs,Mark H, AU - Hochstetler,Andy, AU - Vaughn,Michael G, Y1 - 2019/05/10/ PY - 2019/02/22/received PY - 2019/04/15/revised PY - 2019/5/25/entrez PY - 2019/5/28/pubmed PY - 2019/5/28/medline KW - Delinquency KW - Juvenile offenders KW - Legal cynicism KW - Psychopathy KW - Temperament SP - 211 EP - 218 JF - International journal of law and psychiatry JO - Int J Law Psychiatry VL - 64 N2 - Researchers have found that legal cynicism is a significant predictor of crime. Although legal cynicism developed as a form of anomie, it is also plausible that legal cynicism is itself a deviant rationalization to justify one's criminal behavior. As such, legal cynicism might be a derivative manifestation of other individual-level constructs that bear on criminal propensity. We test this possibility by controlling for temperament traits related to antisocial behavior and psychopathic personality features in a sample of residentially incarcerated youth (N = 253). Results from negative binomial models revealed that legal cynicism was significantly associated with self-reported delinquency (including violence), but not total arrests. The significant associations with general delinquency and violence held even when controlling for sociodemographic characteristics. However, the associations were rendered either non-significant or greatly attenuated when we included temperament and psychopathy measures in the models. Overall, findings are convergent with the notion that legal cynicism is a consequence or product of antisocial traits and criminal propensity. SN - 1873-6386 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31122632/Legal_cynicism:_Independent_construct_or_downstream_manifestation_of_antisocial_constructs_New_evidence L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0160-2527(19)30034-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -