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PD Assistance and Relationship to Co-Existing Geriatric Syndromes in Incident Peritoneal Dialysis Therapy Patients.
Perit Dial Int. 2019 Jul-Aug; 39(4):375-381.PD

Abstract

Background:

Home dialysis therapies, including peritoneal dialysis (PD), are preferred treatment strategies, offering flexibility and improved wellbeing. However, patients with complex disease and comorbidity may require assistance with personal care and healthcare-related tasks. The study objective was to formally assess the type and frequency of PD assistance received by patients over 50, and the relationship to observed frailty, functional status, and cognitive ability at the time of PD therapy initiation.

Methods:

Using a multicentered, prospective observational study design, patients aged ≥ 50 years were recruited from those starting PD. Patients underwent formal evaluation using validated components of a Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment. The receipt and nature of assistance with PD tasks were assessed 1 month after dialysis start by questionnaire.

Results:

A total of 121 patients (age 69 ± 10 years, 67% male, 54% diabetic) were recruited. A total of 75 (62%) patients received assistance for a variety of tasks from friends or family (n = 41, 34%) or a paid caregiver (n = 34, 28%) 1 month after starting dialysis. At baseline, there was a high prevalence of functional dependency (79/120, 66%), frailty (71/110, 65%), and impaired cognition (68/115, 59%). Only 5% were fully independent, clinically robust, and scored within the normal range on cognitive testing. Factors associated with PD assistance included comorbidity (p < 0.03), cognitive impairment (p < 0.0001), and functional dependence (p < 0.02).

Conclusion:

Older patients initiating PD in the outpatient setting have high rates of frailty, functional dependence, and cognitive changes at the time they initiate dialysis. More research is required to better understand how those factors contribute to the use of PD assistance.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Geriatric Dialysis Program, Toronto, ON Canada.Geriatric Dialysis Program, Toronto, ON Canada.Geriatric Dialysis Program, Toronto, ON Canada.Geriatric Dialysis Program, Toronto, ON Canada.Geriatric Dialysis Program, Toronto, ON Canada.Geriatric Dialysis Program, Toronto, ON Canada vanita.jassal@uhn.ca.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Observational Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31123074

Citation

Farragher, Janine F., et al. "PD Assistance and Relationship to Co-Existing Geriatric Syndromes in Incident Peritoneal Dialysis Therapy Patients." Peritoneal Dialysis International : Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis, vol. 39, no. 4, 2019, pp. 375-381.
Farragher JF, Oliver MJ, Jain AK, et al. PD Assistance and Relationship to Co-Existing Geriatric Syndromes in Incident Peritoneal Dialysis Therapy Patients. Perit Dial Int. 2019;39(4):375-381.
Farragher, J. F., Oliver, M. J., Jain, A. K., Flanagan, S., Koyle, K., & Jassal, S. V. (2019). PD Assistance and Relationship to Co-Existing Geriatric Syndromes in Incident Peritoneal Dialysis Therapy Patients. Peritoneal Dialysis International : Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis, 39(4), 375-381. https://doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2018.00189
Farragher JF, et al. PD Assistance and Relationship to Co-Existing Geriatric Syndromes in Incident Peritoneal Dialysis Therapy Patients. Perit Dial Int. 2019 Jul-Aug;39(4):375-381. PubMed PMID: 31123074.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - PD Assistance and Relationship to Co-Existing Geriatric Syndromes in Incident Peritoneal Dialysis Therapy Patients. AU - Farragher,Janine F, AU - Oliver,Matthew J, AU - Jain,Arsh K, AU - Flanagan,Susan, AU - Koyle,Kathleen, AU - Jassal,Sarbjit V, Y1 - 2019/05/23/ PY - 2018/08/20/received PY - 2019/02/07/accepted PY - 2019/5/28/pubmed PY - 2020/4/23/medline PY - 2019/5/25/entrez KW - Frailty KW - cognitive impairment KW - functional dependence SP - 375 EP - 381 JF - Peritoneal dialysis international : journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis JO - Perit Dial Int VL - 39 IS - 4 N2 - Background:Home dialysis therapies, including peritoneal dialysis (PD), are preferred treatment strategies, offering flexibility and improved wellbeing. However, patients with complex disease and comorbidity may require assistance with personal care and healthcare-related tasks. The study objective was to formally assess the type and frequency of PD assistance received by patients over 50, and the relationship to observed frailty, functional status, and cognitive ability at the time of PD therapy initiation.Methods:Using a multicentered, prospective observational study design, patients aged ≥ 50 years were recruited from those starting PD. Patients underwent formal evaluation using validated components of a Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment. The receipt and nature of assistance with PD tasks were assessed 1 month after dialysis start by questionnaire.Results:A total of 121 patients (age 69 ± 10 years, 67% male, 54% diabetic) were recruited. A total of 75 (62%) patients received assistance for a variety of tasks from friends or family (n = 41, 34%) or a paid caregiver (n = 34, 28%) 1 month after starting dialysis. At baseline, there was a high prevalence of functional dependency (79/120, 66%), frailty (71/110, 65%), and impaired cognition (68/115, 59%). Only 5% were fully independent, clinically robust, and scored within the normal range on cognitive testing. Factors associated with PD assistance included comorbidity (p < 0.03), cognitive impairment (p < 0.0001), and functional dependence (p < 0.02).Conclusion:Older patients initiating PD in the outpatient setting have high rates of frailty, functional dependence, and cognitive changes at the time they initiate dialysis. More research is required to better understand how those factors contribute to the use of PD assistance. SN - 1718-4304 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31123074/PD_Assistance_and_Relationship_to_Co_Existing_Geriatric_Syndromes_in_Incident_Peritoneal_Dialysis_Therapy_Patients_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.3747/pdi.2018.00189?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&amp;rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&amp;rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -