Empty Sella in the Making.World Neurosurg. 2019 Aug; 128:366-370.WN
Pituitary apoplexy may occur when a large tumor compresses or outgrows its nutrient supply, resulting in ischemic necrosis and hemorrhage. Although once deemed a neurosurgical emergency, increasing evidence suggests that conservative management of pituitary apoplexy leads to favorable neuro-ophthalmologic and endocrinologic outcomes as well. Spontaneous remission after pituitary apoplexy has been described in functioning pituitary adenomas, but it is a rare occurrence in nonfunctioning tumors.
We report a man that presented with pituitary apoplexy of a nonfunctioning pituitary macroadenoma that was managed conservatively and treated hormonally for hypopituitarism during a 2-year follow-up period, with serial neuroimaging demonstrating significant tumor volume reduction with almost complete resolution resulting in partial empty sella. In addition, a short literature review was performed pertaining to the management of pituitary apoplexy with emphasis on a more conservative approach.
A subset of patients with pituitary apoplexy without altered consciousness and nonprogressive or mild ophthalmologic deficits may be managed conservatively; however, lifelong periodic assessment, preferably by a specialized multidisciplinary pituitary team, is essential until clinical outcomes become clear.