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Depression and PTSD-related anhedonia mediate the association of military sexual trauma and suicidal ideation in female service members/veterans.
Psychiatry Res. 2019 09; 279:148-154.PR

Abstract

Previous research shows a direct link between military sexual trauma and suicide risk. Little is known about mediators of this association, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or depression severity, mental health conditions that are correlated with both suicide risk and military sexual trauma. Moreover, existing studies of military sexual trauma do not distinguish between harassment and assault, resulting in a gap in our knowledge regarding suicide risk as a function of sexual trauma type. We explored whether PTSD symptom clusters and depression mediated the association of military sexual trauma type (none, harassment-only, assault) and suicidal ideation (SI). Female service members/Veterans (n = 1190) completed a demographic inventory, military sexual trauma history and type screening, and PTSD symptom cluster severity, depression severity, and SI measures. Structural equation modeling revealed that the association of military sexual trauma, particularly assault, with SI was mediated by depression severity and PTSD-related anhedonia. Screening for SI among those endorsing a history of military sexual trauma, PTSD-related anhedonia, and depression may help identify those at risk for SI. Therapeutic interventions aimed at reducing PTSD-related anhedonia and depression symptoms may be the most efficient way to mitigate suicide risk in those with histories of assault military sexual trauma.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Utah State University, Department of Psychology, Logan, UT, United States. Electronic address: Rebecca.blais@usu.edu.Utah State University, Department of Psychology, Logan, UT, United States.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31128854

Citation

Blais, Rebecca K., and Christian Geiser. "Depression and PTSD-related Anhedonia Mediate the Association of Military Sexual Trauma and Suicidal Ideation in Female Service Members/veterans." Psychiatry Research, vol. 279, 2019, pp. 148-154.
Blais RK, Geiser C. Depression and PTSD-related anhedonia mediate the association of military sexual trauma and suicidal ideation in female service members/veterans. Psychiatry Res. 2019;279:148-154.
Blais, R. K., & Geiser, C. (2019). Depression and PTSD-related anhedonia mediate the association of military sexual trauma and suicidal ideation in female service members/veterans. Psychiatry Research, 279, 148-154. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2018.12.148
Blais RK, Geiser C. Depression and PTSD-related Anhedonia Mediate the Association of Military Sexual Trauma and Suicidal Ideation in Female Service Members/veterans. Psychiatry Res. 2019;279:148-154. PubMed PMID: 31128854.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Depression and PTSD-related anhedonia mediate the association of military sexual trauma and suicidal ideation in female service members/veterans. AU - Blais,Rebecca K, AU - Geiser,Christian, Y1 - 2018/12/29/ PY - 2018/05/29/received PY - 2018/11/05/revised PY - 2018/12/28/accepted PY - 2019/5/28/pubmed PY - 2019/5/28/medline PY - 2019/5/27/entrez KW - Depression KW - Female veterans KW - Military sexual trauma KW - PTSD KW - Suicidal ideation SP - 148 EP - 154 JF - Psychiatry research JO - Psychiatry Res VL - 279 N2 - Previous research shows a direct link between military sexual trauma and suicide risk. Little is known about mediators of this association, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or depression severity, mental health conditions that are correlated with both suicide risk and military sexual trauma. Moreover, existing studies of military sexual trauma do not distinguish between harassment and assault, resulting in a gap in our knowledge regarding suicide risk as a function of sexual trauma type. We explored whether PTSD symptom clusters and depression mediated the association of military sexual trauma type (none, harassment-only, assault) and suicidal ideation (SI). Female service members/Veterans (n = 1190) completed a demographic inventory, military sexual trauma history and type screening, and PTSD symptom cluster severity, depression severity, and SI measures. Structural equation modeling revealed that the association of military sexual trauma, particularly assault, with SI was mediated by depression severity and PTSD-related anhedonia. Screening for SI among those endorsing a history of military sexual trauma, PTSD-related anhedonia, and depression may help identify those at risk for SI. Therapeutic interventions aimed at reducing PTSD-related anhedonia and depression symptoms may be the most efficient way to mitigate suicide risk in those with histories of assault military sexual trauma. SN - 1872-7123 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31128854/Depression_and_PTSD_related_anhedonia_mediate_the_association_of_military_sexual_trauma_and_suicidal_ideation_in_female_service_members/veterans_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0165-1781(18)31004-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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