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Excess urinary iodine concentration and thyroid dysfunction among school age children of eastern Nepal: a matter of concern.
BMC Res Notes 2019; 12(1):294BR

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

Deficiency as well as excess dietary iodine is associated with several thyroid disorders including Grave's disease and goitre. Previously, cross sectional studies conducted among school children in Nepal showed high prevalence of iodine deficiency. In contrast, recently, few studies have revealed emerging trends of excess urinary iodine concentration in children. This paper, reports excess urinary iodine excretion and thyroid dysfunction among school age children from eastern Nepal.

RESULTS

It was a community based cross sectional study in which we measured urinary iodine excretion levels among school age children at baseline and after educational program. The educational program consisted of audio-visual and pamphlets on thyroid health. We also screened them for thyroid function status by physical examination and measuring serum thyroid hormones. Our results show that 34.4% of the children had excess urinary iodine concentration above the WHO recommended levels. Overall, 3.2% of the children were identified to have thyroid dysfunction. Urinary iodine concentration was significantly different between types of salt used and between salt iodine content categories.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Rotary Club of Dharan Ghopa, B. P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal. manntamang2011@gmail.com.Department of Biochemistry, B. P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal.Department of Biochemistry, B. P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal.Department of Biochemistry, B. P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal.Bucks New University, Slough, UK.Department of Biochemistry, B. P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31133065

Citation

Tamang, Man Kumar, et al. "Excess Urinary Iodine Concentration and Thyroid Dysfunction Among School Age Children of Eastern Nepal: a Matter of Concern." BMC Research Notes, vol. 12, no. 1, 2019, p. 294.
Tamang MK, Gelal B, Tamang B, et al. Excess urinary iodine concentration and thyroid dysfunction among school age children of eastern Nepal: a matter of concern. BMC Res Notes. 2019;12(1):294.
Tamang, M. K., Gelal, B., Tamang, B., Lamsal, M., Brodie, D., & Baral, N. (2019). Excess urinary iodine concentration and thyroid dysfunction among school age children of eastern Nepal: a matter of concern. BMC Research Notes, 12(1), p. 294. doi:10.1186/s13104-019-4332-y.
Tamang MK, et al. Excess Urinary Iodine Concentration and Thyroid Dysfunction Among School Age Children of Eastern Nepal: a Matter of Concern. BMC Res Notes. 2019 May 27;12(1):294. PubMed PMID: 31133065.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Excess urinary iodine concentration and thyroid dysfunction among school age children of eastern Nepal: a matter of concern. AU - Tamang,Man Kumar, AU - Gelal,Basanta, AU - Tamang,Binaya, AU - Lamsal,Madhab, AU - Brodie,David, AU - Baral,Nirmal, Y1 - 2019/05/27/ PY - 2019/01/23/received PY - 2019/05/22/accepted PY - 2019/5/29/entrez PY - 2019/5/28/pubmed PY - 2019/11/26/medline KW - Children KW - Deficiency KW - Excess KW - Nepal KW - Salt iodine KW - Thyroid KW - Urinary iodine SP - 294 EP - 294 JF - BMC research notes JO - BMC Res Notes VL - 12 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVES: Deficiency as well as excess dietary iodine is associated with several thyroid disorders including Grave's disease and goitre. Previously, cross sectional studies conducted among school children in Nepal showed high prevalence of iodine deficiency. In contrast, recently, few studies have revealed emerging trends of excess urinary iodine concentration in children. This paper, reports excess urinary iodine excretion and thyroid dysfunction among school age children from eastern Nepal. RESULTS: It was a community based cross sectional study in which we measured urinary iodine excretion levels among school age children at baseline and after educational program. The educational program consisted of audio-visual and pamphlets on thyroid health. We also screened them for thyroid function status by physical examination and measuring serum thyroid hormones. Our results show that 34.4% of the children had excess urinary iodine concentration above the WHO recommended levels. Overall, 3.2% of the children were identified to have thyroid dysfunction. Urinary iodine concentration was significantly different between types of salt used and between salt iodine content categories. SN - 1756-0500 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31133065/Excess_urinary_iodine_concentration_and_thyroid_dysfunction_among_school_age_children_of_eastern_Nepal:_a_matter_of_concern_ L2 - https://bmcresnotes.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13104-019-4332-y DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -