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"They Are Not Hard-to-Reach Clients. We Have Just Got Hard-to-Reach Services." Staff Views of Digital Health Tools in Specialist Mental Health Services.
Front Psychiatry. 2019; 10:344.FP

Abstract

Background:

Digital health products designed to help people with severe mental health problems appear to be feasible, acceptable, and efficacious. The challenge facing the digital mental health field is implementing digital tools in routine service delivery. To date, there has been a paucity of qualitative research exploring staff views of digital health solutions in the context of mental healthcare. Engaging and involving frontline staff in the design and rollout of new technology to improve utilization is imperative for successful uptake and adoption of digital tools. The aim of the current study is to explore frontline staff views regarding the utility and appropriateness of using digital tools in the healthcare pathway for people accessing specialist secondary care mental health services. Method: Qualitative study using framework analysis was used with 48 mental health staff working in early intervention for psychosis services. Six groups comprising 5-10 early intervention service staff members in each group were conducted across the Northwest of England. Robust measures were used to develop a stable framework, including member checking, triangulation, and consensus meetings.

Results:

Three themes were identified a priori: i) perceived barriers to adopting smartphone apps for early psychosis; ii) acceptability of digital health tools for early psychosis patients; and iii) data security, safety, and risk. Alongside exploring the a priori topics, one theme was generated a posteriori: iv) relationships.

Conclusions:

Staff working in specialist early intervention for psychosis services found digital tools on the whole acceptable in mental health service provision, but raised a number of concerns that will likely affect implementation of such systems into routine service delivery and practice. Thirteen recommendations are made in this paper as a result of the themes generated in these data. Implementing of digital systems needs to be simple and uncomplicated and improve clinical workflows for staff rather than hinder and increase clinical workflows. Furthermore, organizational support with a clear plan for implementing technological innovations is required for successful adoption of digital systems. Consideration of staff views around digital systems is important if successful adoption and implementation of such systems are to occur. Clinical Trial Registration: http://www.isrctn.com, identifier ISRCTN34966555.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Psychology and Mental Health, School of Health Sciences, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom. Greater Manchester Mental Health NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, United Kingdom.Division of Psychology and Mental Health, School of Health Sciences, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom.Division of Psychology and Mental Health, School of Health Sciences, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom.Division of Psychology and Mental Health, School of Health Sciences, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom. Greater Manchester Mental Health NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, United Kingdom.Division of Psychology and Mental Health, School of Health Sciences, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom. Greater Manchester Mental Health NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, United Kingdom.Division of Psychology and Mental Health, School of Health Sciences, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom. Greater Manchester Mental Health NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, United Kingdom.Division of Psychology and Mental Health, School of Health Sciences, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31133906

Citation

Bucci, Sandra, et al. ""They Are Not Hard-to-Reach Clients. We Have Just Got Hard-to-Reach Services." Staff Views of Digital Health Tools in Specialist Mental Health Services." Frontiers in Psychiatry, vol. 10, 2019, p. 344.
Bucci S, Berry N, Morris R, et al. "They Are Not Hard-to-Reach Clients. We Have Just Got Hard-to-Reach Services." Staff Views of Digital Health Tools in Specialist Mental Health Services. Front Psychiatry. 2019;10:344.
Bucci, S., Berry, N., Morris, R., Berry, K., Haddock, G., Lewis, S., & Edge, D. (2019). "They Are Not Hard-to-Reach Clients. We Have Just Got Hard-to-Reach Services." Staff Views of Digital Health Tools in Specialist Mental Health Services. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 10, 344. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00344
Bucci S, et al. "They Are Not Hard-to-Reach Clients. We Have Just Got Hard-to-Reach Services." Staff Views of Digital Health Tools in Specialist Mental Health Services. Front Psychiatry. 2019;10:344. PubMed PMID: 31133906.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - "They Are Not Hard-to-Reach Clients. We Have Just Got Hard-to-Reach Services." Staff Views of Digital Health Tools in Specialist Mental Health Services. AU - Bucci,Sandra, AU - Berry,Natalie, AU - Morris,Rohan, AU - Berry,Katherine, AU - Haddock,Gillian, AU - Lewis,Shôn, AU - Edge,Dawn, Y1 - 2019/05/10/ PY - 2019/03/14/received PY - 2019/05/01/accepted PY - 2019/5/29/entrez PY - 2019/5/28/pubmed PY - 2019/5/28/medline KW - app KW - digital health KW - mHealth KW - mental health KW - psychosis KW - qualitative SP - 344 EP - 344 JF - Frontiers in psychiatry JO - Front Psychiatry VL - 10 N2 - Background: Digital health products designed to help people with severe mental health problems appear to be feasible, acceptable, and efficacious. The challenge facing the digital mental health field is implementing digital tools in routine service delivery. To date, there has been a paucity of qualitative research exploring staff views of digital health solutions in the context of mental healthcare. Engaging and involving frontline staff in the design and rollout of new technology to improve utilization is imperative for successful uptake and adoption of digital tools. The aim of the current study is to explore frontline staff views regarding the utility and appropriateness of using digital tools in the healthcare pathway for people accessing specialist secondary care mental health services. Method: Qualitative study using framework analysis was used with 48 mental health staff working in early intervention for psychosis services. Six groups comprising 5-10 early intervention service staff members in each group were conducted across the Northwest of England. Robust measures were used to develop a stable framework, including member checking, triangulation, and consensus meetings. Results: Three themes were identified a priori: i) perceived barriers to adopting smartphone apps for early psychosis; ii) acceptability of digital health tools for early psychosis patients; and iii) data security, safety, and risk. Alongside exploring the a priori topics, one theme was generated a posteriori: iv) relationships. Conclusions: Staff working in specialist early intervention for psychosis services found digital tools on the whole acceptable in mental health service provision, but raised a number of concerns that will likely affect implementation of such systems into routine service delivery and practice. Thirteen recommendations are made in this paper as a result of the themes generated in these data. Implementing of digital systems needs to be simple and uncomplicated and improve clinical workflows for staff rather than hinder and increase clinical workflows. Furthermore, organizational support with a clear plan for implementing technological innovations is required for successful adoption of digital systems. Consideration of staff views around digital systems is important if successful adoption and implementation of such systems are to occur. Clinical Trial Registration: http://www.isrctn.com, identifier ISRCTN34966555. SN - 1664-0640 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31133906/"They_Are_Not_Hard_to_Reach_Clients__We_Have_Just_Got_Hard_to_Reach_Services_"_Staff_Views_of_Digital_Health_Tools_in_Specialist_Mental_Health_Services_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00344 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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