Nucleotide diversity patterns at the DREB1 transcriptional factor gene in the genome donor species of wheat (Triticum aestivum L).PLoS One. 2019; 14(5):e0217081.Plos
Bread wheat (AABBDD) originated from the diploid progenitor Triticum urartu (AA), a relative of Aegilops speltoides (BB), and Ae. tauschii (DD). The DREB1 transcriptional factor plays key regulatory role in low-temperature tolerance. The modern breeding strategies resulted in serious decrease of the agricultural biodiversity, which led to a loss of elite genes underlying abiotic stress tolerance in crops. However, knowledge of this gene's natural diversity is largely unknown in the genome donor species of wheat. We characterized the dehydration response element binding protein 1 (DREB1) gene-diversity pattern in Ae. speltoides, Ae. tauschii, T. monococcum and T. urartu. The highest nucleotide diversity value was detected in Ae. speltoides, followed by Ae. tauschii and T. monococcum. The lowest nucleotide diversity value was observed in T. urartu. Nucleotide diversity and haplotype data might suggest no reduction of nucleotide diversity during T. monococcum domestication. Alignment of the 68 DREB1 sequences found a large-size (70 bp) insertion/deletion in the accession PI486264 of Ae. speltoides, which was different from the copy of sequences from other accessions of Ae. speltoides, suggesting a likely existence of two different ancestral Ae. speltoides forms. Implication of sequences variation of Ae. speltoides on origination of B genome in wheat was discussed.