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[Dermatophytosis caused by rare anthropophilic and zoophilic agents].
Hautarzt 2019; 70(8):561-574H

Abstract

The basis for effective treatment of any dermatomycosis is the correct and timely identification of the pathogen, which allows the targeted choice of the most suitable antimycotic and is important for the prevention of repeated infections. In recent years, infections with dermatophytes seem to have increased. In fact, from 2007 to 2018, there was an increase in the number of samples processed in the Mycology Laboratory of the Department of Dermatology at the University Hospital Jena. The most common isolated dermatophytes between 2007 and 2018 were Trichophyton (T.) rubrum, T. interdigitale, Microsporum (M.) canis and T. benhamiae. However, dermatophytoses may also be caused by rare anthropophilic agents such as Epidermophyton floccosum, zoophiles such as T. verrucosum, T. quinckeanum or Nannizzia (N.) persicolor as well as by geophiles such as N. gypsea. Therefore, these dermatophytes should at least be known, so that in case of unusual observations investigations can be performed accordingly. Changes in the pathogen spectrum of dermatophytoses have taken place over time and it is expected that the occurrence of dermatophytes will be subject of continuous fluctuations, which may mean that the incidence of some of these "rare" dermatophytes, as described here in five clinical examples, may be changing.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Klinik für Hautkrankheiten, Universitätsklinikum Jena, Erfurter Str. 35, 07740, Jena, Deutschland. C.Wiegand@med.uni-jena.de.Klinik für Hautkrankheiten, Universitätsklinikum Jena, Erfurter Str. 35, 07740, Jena, Deutschland.Klinik für Hautkrankheiten, Universitätsklinikum Jena, Erfurter Str. 35, 07740, Jena, Deutschland.Klinik für Hautkrankheiten, Universitätsklinikum Jena, Erfurter Str. 35, 07740, Jena, Deutschland.Klinik für Hautkrankheiten, Universitätsklinikum Jena, Erfurter Str. 35, 07740, Jena, Deutschland.Klinik für Hautkrankheiten, Universitätsklinikum Jena, Erfurter Str. 35, 07740, Jena, Deutschland.Klinik für Hautkrankheiten, Universitätsklinikum Jena, Erfurter Str. 35, 07740, Jena, Deutschland.

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article
Review

Language

ger

PubMed ID

31139861

Citation

Wiegand, C, et al. "[Dermatophytosis Caused By Rare Anthropophilic and Zoophilic Agents]." Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Fur Dermatologie, Venerologie, Und Verwandte Gebiete, vol. 70, no. 8, 2019, pp. 561-574.
Wiegand C, Burmester A, Tittelbach J, et al. [Dermatophytosis caused by rare anthropophilic and zoophilic agents]. Hautarzt. 2019;70(8):561-574.
Wiegand, C., Burmester, A., Tittelbach, J., Darr-Foit, S., Goetze, S., Elsner, P., & Hipler, U. C. (2019). [Dermatophytosis caused by rare anthropophilic and zoophilic agents]. Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Fur Dermatologie, Venerologie, Und Verwandte Gebiete, 70(8), pp. 561-574. doi:10.1007/s00105-019-4429-1.
Wiegand C, et al. [Dermatophytosis Caused By Rare Anthropophilic and Zoophilic Agents]. Hautarzt. 2019;70(8):561-574. PubMed PMID: 31139861.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Dermatophytosis caused by rare anthropophilic and zoophilic agents]. AU - Wiegand,C, AU - Burmester,A, AU - Tittelbach,J, AU - Darr-Foit,S, AU - Goetze,S, AU - Elsner,P, AU - Hipler,U C, PY - 2019/5/30/pubmed PY - 2019/5/30/medline PY - 2019/5/30/entrez KW - Epidermophyton floccosum KW - Nannizzia persicolor KW - Trichophyton erinacei KW - Trichophyton quinckeanum KW - Trichophyton verrucosum SP - 561 EP - 574 JF - Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift fur Dermatologie, Venerologie, und verwandte Gebiete JO - Hautarzt VL - 70 IS - 8 N2 - The basis for effective treatment of any dermatomycosis is the correct and timely identification of the pathogen, which allows the targeted choice of the most suitable antimycotic and is important for the prevention of repeated infections. In recent years, infections with dermatophytes seem to have increased. In fact, from 2007 to 2018, there was an increase in the number of samples processed in the Mycology Laboratory of the Department of Dermatology at the University Hospital Jena. The most common isolated dermatophytes between 2007 and 2018 were Trichophyton (T.) rubrum, T. interdigitale, Microsporum (M.) canis and T. benhamiae. However, dermatophytoses may also be caused by rare anthropophilic agents such as Epidermophyton floccosum, zoophiles such as T. verrucosum, T. quinckeanum or Nannizzia (N.) persicolor as well as by geophiles such as N. gypsea. Therefore, these dermatophytes should at least be known, so that in case of unusual observations investigations can be performed accordingly. Changes in the pathogen spectrum of dermatophytoses have taken place over time and it is expected that the occurrence of dermatophytes will be subject of continuous fluctuations, which may mean that the incidence of some of these "rare" dermatophytes, as described here in five clinical examples, may be changing. SN - 1432-1173 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31139861/[Dermatophytosis_caused_by_rare_anthropophilic_and_zoophilic_agents] L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00105-019-4429-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -