Case report and systematic review of iatrogenic left atrial dissection in different cardiovascular specialties: A common treatment for an uncommon complication?
OBJECTIVESLeft atrial dissection (LatD) is a rare and heterogeneous condition affecting many cardiovascular areas. The present article, by the means of personal case report illustration and systemic review of different clinical management, is aimed to give to clinicians further knowledge on this controversial topic.
BACKGROUNDLatD is an exceedingly rare but potentially fatal complication of cardiac surgery or catheter-based interventional procedures. Most of the cases are iatrogenic and its incidence is expected to grow due to an increase in the number of percutaneous coronary intervention and structural heart disease procedures. The management of this complication is controversial, and it may depend on related etiologies.
METHODSWe have reported our single-case experience and review of the scientific literature, focusing on the decision-making process and the strategical approach by multimodality imaging techniques.
RESULTSOur case of LatD with initial hemodynamic instability was surgically treated. Conservative approach is often employed in literature despite the fact that conservative versus surgical approach is debatable, depending on clinical presentation, hemodynamic stability, multimodal imaging findings, and personal experience of the center.
CONCLUSIONSAccording to systematic literature review, a watchful-waiting strategy supported by multimodality imaging could be a safe and effective management in stable LatD.
Cardiovascular Department, Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital, Bergamo, Italy.,
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Humanitas Gavazzeni Hospital, Bergamo, Italy.,
Cardiac Cath Laboratory, Humanitas Gavazzeni Hospital, Bergamo, Italy.,
Department of Cardiac Surgery and Heart Transplantation, De Gasperis Center, Niguarda Hospital, Milan, Italy.,
Cardiac Cath Laboratory, Humanitas Gavazzeni Hospital, Bergamo, Italy.
Cardiac Cath Laboratory, Humanitas Gavazzeni Hospital, Bergamo, Italy. Department of Systemic Medicine, Division of Cardiology, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy.
Pub Type(s)Journal Article