Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Depression in Children and Adolescents: A Review of Indian studies.
Indian J Psychol Med 2019 May-Jun; 41(3):216-227IJ

Abstract

Background

Depression is a common mental disorder seen across all age groups, including children and adolescents. Depression is often associated with significant disability in children and adolescents.

Aim

This review aims to evaluate the Indian research on depression in children and adolescents.

Results

Available data suggest that the point prevalence of depression/affective disorders ranges from 1.2% to 21% in the clinic-based studies; 3%-68% in school-based studies and 0.1%-6.94% in community studies. There has been only one incidence study from India which estimated the incidence to be 1.6%. With respect to the risk factors for depression, studies have reported various education-related difficulties, relationship issues with parents or at home, family-related issues, economic difficulties, and other factors. A limited number of studies have evaluated the symptom profile, and the commonly reported symptoms include depressed mood, diminished interest in play activities, concentration difficulties, behavior problems in the form of anger and aggression, pessimism, decreased appetite, decreased sleep, anhedonia, and somatic symptoms. None of the studies from India has evaluated the efficacy/effectiveness of various antidepressants in children and adolescents with depression.

Conclusion

There is a wide variation in the point prevalence reported across different studies, which is mainly due to methodological differences across studies. Limited data are available with respect to symptom profile and factors associated with depression in children and adolescents.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.Department of Psychiatry, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.Department of Psychiatry, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.Department of Psychiatry, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31142922

Citation

Grover, Sandeep, et al. "Depression in Children and Adolescents: a Review of Indian Studies." Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine, vol. 41, no. 3, 2019, pp. 216-227.
Grover S, Raju VV, Sharma A, et al. Depression in Children and Adolescents: A Review of Indian studies. Indian J Psychol Med. 2019;41(3):216-227.
Grover, S., Raju, V. V., Sharma, A., & Shah, R. (2019). Depression in Children and Adolescents: A Review of Indian studies. Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine, 41(3), pp. 216-227. doi:10.4103/IJPSYM.IJPSYM_5_19.
Grover S, et al. Depression in Children and Adolescents: a Review of Indian Studies. Indian J Psychol Med. 2019;41(3):216-227. PubMed PMID: 31142922.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Depression in Children and Adolescents: A Review of Indian studies. AU - Grover,Sandeep, AU - Raju,V Venkatesh, AU - Sharma,Akhilesh, AU - Shah,Ruchita, PY - 2019/5/31/entrez PY - 2019/5/31/pubmed PY - 2019/5/31/medline KW - Children and adolescents KW - depression KW - epidemiology KW - prevalence SP - 216 EP - 227 JF - Indian journal of psychological medicine JO - Indian J Psychol Med VL - 41 IS - 3 N2 - Background: Depression is a common mental disorder seen across all age groups, including children and adolescents. Depression is often associated with significant disability in children and adolescents. Aim: This review aims to evaluate the Indian research on depression in children and adolescents. Results: Available data suggest that the point prevalence of depression/affective disorders ranges from 1.2% to 21% in the clinic-based studies; 3%-68% in school-based studies and 0.1%-6.94% in community studies. There has been only one incidence study from India which estimated the incidence to be 1.6%. With respect to the risk factors for depression, studies have reported various education-related difficulties, relationship issues with parents or at home, family-related issues, economic difficulties, and other factors. A limited number of studies have evaluated the symptom profile, and the commonly reported symptoms include depressed mood, diminished interest in play activities, concentration difficulties, behavior problems in the form of anger and aggression, pessimism, decreased appetite, decreased sleep, anhedonia, and somatic symptoms. None of the studies from India has evaluated the efficacy/effectiveness of various antidepressants in children and adolescents with depression. Conclusion: There is a wide variation in the point prevalence reported across different studies, which is mainly due to methodological differences across studies. Limited data are available with respect to symptom profile and factors associated with depression in children and adolescents. SN - 0253-7176 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31142922/Depression_in_Children_and_Adolescents:_A_Review_of_Indian_studies L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/31142922/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -