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Effect of Qigong on self-rating depression and anxiety scale scores of COPD patients: A meta-analysis.
Medicine (Baltimore). 2019 May; 98(22):e15776.M

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To explore the clinical efficacy and safety of Qigong in reducing the self-rating depression scale (SDS) and self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) scores of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

METHODS

We searched CNKI, Wan fang, Chongqing VIP, China Biology Medicine disc, PubMed, Cochrane Library, and EMBASE for studies published as of Dec 31, 2018. All randomized controlled trials of Qigong in COPD patients, which met the inclusion criteria were included. The Cochrane bias risk assessment tool was used for literature evaluation. RevMan 5.3 software was used for meta-analysis.

RESULTS

Six studies (combined n = 415 patients) met the inclusion criteria. Compared with conventional therapy alone, Qigong in combination with conventional therapy significantly improved the following outcome measures: SDS score [mean difference (MD) -3.99, 95% CI (-6.17, -1.82), P < .001, I = 69%]; SAS score[MD -4.57, 95% CI (-5.67, -3.48), P < .001, I = 15%]; forced expiratory volume in one second/prediction (FEV1% pred) [MD 3.77, 95% CI (0.97,6.58), P < .01, I = 0]; forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) [MD 0.21, 95% CI (0.13, 0.30), P < .001, I = 0%]; forced vital capacity (FVC) [MD 0.28, 95% CI (0.16, 0.40), P < .001, I = 0]; 6-minute walk test (6MWT) distance [MD 39.31, 95% CI (18.27, 60.34), P < .001, I = 32%]; and St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) total score [MD -11.42, 95% CI (-21.80, -1.03), P < .05, I = 72%].

CONCLUSION

Qigong can improve the SDS and SAS scores of COPD patients, and has auxiliary effects on improving lung function, 6MWT distance, and SGRQ score.

Authors+Show Affiliations

The Third Affiliated Hospital of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine.The Third Affiliated Hospital of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine.The Third Affiliated Hospital of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine.Dongzhimen Hospital Beijing University of Chinese Medicine.The Third Affiliated Hospital of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine.The Third Affiliated Hospital of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine.Dongfang Hospital Beijing University of Chinese Medicine.Centre for Evidence-Based Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Meta-Analysis

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31145299

Citation

Wu, Jian-Jun, et al. "Effect of Qigong On Self-rating Depression and Anxiety Scale Scores of COPD Patients: a Meta-analysis." Medicine, vol. 98, no. 22, 2019, pp. e15776.
Wu JJ, Zhang YX, Du WS, et al. Effect of Qigong on self-rating depression and anxiety scale scores of COPD patients: A meta-analysis. Medicine (Baltimore). 2019;98(22):e15776.
Wu, J. J., Zhang, Y. X., Du, W. S., Jiang, L. D., Jin, R. F., Yu, H. Y., Liu, J. M., & Han, M. (2019). Effect of Qigong on self-rating depression and anxiety scale scores of COPD patients: A meta-analysis. Medicine, 98(22), e15776. https://doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000015776
Wu JJ, et al. Effect of Qigong On Self-rating Depression and Anxiety Scale Scores of COPD Patients: a Meta-analysis. Medicine (Baltimore). 2019;98(22):e15776. PubMed PMID: 31145299.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of Qigong on self-rating depression and anxiety scale scores of COPD patients: A meta-analysis. AU - Wu,Jian-Jun, AU - Zhang,Ying-Xue, AU - Du,Wei-Sha, AU - Jiang,Liang-Duo, AU - Jin,Rui-Feng, AU - Yu,Hui-Yong, AU - Liu,Jin-Min, AU - Han,Mei, PY - 2019/5/31/entrez PY - 2019/5/31/pubmed PY - 2019/6/14/medline SP - e15776 EP - e15776 JF - Medicine JO - Medicine (Baltimore) VL - 98 IS - 22 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical efficacy and safety of Qigong in reducing the self-rating depression scale (SDS) and self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) scores of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: We searched CNKI, Wan fang, Chongqing VIP, China Biology Medicine disc, PubMed, Cochrane Library, and EMBASE for studies published as of Dec 31, 2018. All randomized controlled trials of Qigong in COPD patients, which met the inclusion criteria were included. The Cochrane bias risk assessment tool was used for literature evaluation. RevMan 5.3 software was used for meta-analysis. RESULTS: Six studies (combined n = 415 patients) met the inclusion criteria. Compared with conventional therapy alone, Qigong in combination with conventional therapy significantly improved the following outcome measures: SDS score [mean difference (MD) -3.99, 95% CI (-6.17, -1.82), P < .001, I = 69%]; SAS score[MD -4.57, 95% CI (-5.67, -3.48), P < .001, I = 15%]; forced expiratory volume in one second/prediction (FEV1% pred) [MD 3.77, 95% CI (0.97,6.58), P < .01, I = 0]; forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) [MD 0.21, 95% CI (0.13, 0.30), P < .001, I = 0%]; forced vital capacity (FVC) [MD 0.28, 95% CI (0.16, 0.40), P < .001, I = 0]; 6-minute walk test (6MWT) distance [MD 39.31, 95% CI (18.27, 60.34), P < .001, I = 32%]; and St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) total score [MD -11.42, 95% CI (-21.80, -1.03), P < .05, I = 72%]. CONCLUSION: Qigong can improve the SDS and SAS scores of COPD patients, and has auxiliary effects on improving lung function, 6MWT distance, and SGRQ score. SN - 1536-5964 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31145299/Effect_of_Qigong_on_self_rating_depression_and_anxiety_scale_scores_of_COPD_patients:_A_meta_analysis_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000015776 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -