Structural and sorption properties of bio-nanocomposite films based on κ-carrageenan and cellulose nanocrystals.Int J Biol Macromol. 2019 Aug 15; 135:462-471.IJ
There is an increased interest on changing the synthetic based materials to biodegradable ones, especially with natural polymers, polysaccharides or proteins. In this research we prepared bio-nanocomposite formulations with different component concentrations and investigated their structural features, with focus on the interactions, sorption properties, and how the combination between them influences these properties. By infrared spectroscopy, principal component analysis (PCA) and two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy (2DCOS) was identified that in the blending process are involved the -SO4 and C(4)-O-S groups of β-d-galactose, CO groups, (O=S=O) of carrageenan and -OH and CO groups from CNCs. The water uptake and water sorption properties decrease with increasing the CNCs content in the formulations from about 15% for κ to 10% for κC15 and from about 128% for κ to 115% for κC15, respectively. The increase of the CNCs content induced an increase of the water contact angle from 47° for κ to 90° for κC15, indicating once again the involvement of the free hydroxyl groups in the hydrogen bonded interactions.