Associations of EDNRA and EDNRB Polymorphisms with Intracerebral Hemorrhage.World Neurosurg. 2019 Sep; 129:e472-e477.WN
The most potent vasoconstrictor, endothelin-1 and its receptors, endothelin receptor A (EDNRA) and endothelin receptor B (EDNRB) are involved in hypertension. Hypertension is a major risk factor of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Recent studies have demonstrated increased plasma endothelin-1 level in ICH patients and relationships between EDNRA and EDNRB genetic variants and ischemic stroke. The aim of the current study was to investigate whether EDNRA and EDNRB polymorphisms are associated with ICH by interacting with blood pressure levels.
Five EDNRA and EDNRB polymorphisms were genotyped in this case-control study.
We identified that EDNRA rs5333 T allele might be a protective factor of ICH (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 0.638, 95% CI: 0.417-0.977, P = 0.038), while EDNRB rs5351 A allele could be a risk factor of ICH (adjusted OR = 1.476, 95% CI: 1.042-2.089, P = 0.028). Moreover, we only found that the GG genotype of EDNRA rs5335 had higher diastolic blood pressure than the GC + CC genotypes in ICH patients (91.69 ± 18.77 vs. 84.71 ± 21.48, P = 0.004).
These findings support the important role of EDNRA and EDNRB polymorphisms in ICH, and suggest that they do not interact with blood pressure levels on altering ICH risk.