Characterization of key aroma compounds in Chinese rice wine using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and gas chromatography-olfactometry.Food Chem. 2019 Sep 30; 293:8-14.FC
To determine the key aroma compounds in Chinese rice wine (CRW), four types of CRW (YH, JF, SN, and XX) were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), gas chromatography-olfactometry (GC-O), and sensory evaluation. The contributions of the key aroma compounds to the flavor characteristics were determined by partial least squares regression. Sixty-one aroma compounds were detected. Twenty-five components were identified as odor-active compounds. On the basis of their odor active values, 18 odor-active compounds were determined as key aroma compounds. Ethyl isovalerate, ethyl butyrate, ethyl acetate, ethyl hexanoate, and phenylethyl alcohol were key aroma compounds in all four types of wine. The unique key aroma compounds of JF wine were isovaleraldehyde and isoamyl acetate; those of XX wine were 1-butanol, benzaldehyde, ethyl benzoate, ethyl phenylacetate, 2-octanone, and furfural; that of YH wine was ethyl 2-methylbutyrate; and those of SN wine were 1-butanol, 1-hexanol, 2-butenoic acid ethyl ester, and 3-methyl-1-butanol.