Photo-assisted catalytic degradation of acetaminophen using peroxymonosulfate decomposed by magnetic carbon heterojunction catalyst.Chemosphere. 2019 Oct; 232:140-151.C
Catalytic oxidative degradation of acetaminophen (ACT) was evaluated using magnetic mesoporous carbon (MNPs@C) coupled with UV light and peroxymonosulfate (PMS). The performance of hybrid system (i.e., MNPs@C/UV/PMS) was assessed as a function of some operational factors (e.g., reaction time and different concentrations of catalyst, PMS and ACT) in a batch system. MNPs@C represented a high magnetic response and was easily recovered from aqueous solution via an external magnet. A significant synergistic effect was observed among the applied techniques in MNPs@C/UV/PMS system for ACT degradation. After 40 min reaction, the removal efficiencies of 97.4 and 63.5% were obtained for ACT and TOC, respectively. Both adsorption and oxidation mechanisms were responsible simultaneously for ACT removal in MNPs@C/UV/PMS system. Under optimum conditions, the removal rates of ACT and TOC were reduced slightly to 91.7 and 49.4% after five consecutive catalyst uses, which indicates the excellent reusing potential of MNPs@C. In addition, a high stability was detected for as-prepared catalyst during recycling tests, since the quantity of leached Fe was <0.2 mg/L. Methanol and tert-butyl alcohol showed a strong quenching effect on the performance of MNPs@C/UV/PMS system, demonstrating the dominant role of SO4•- and HO radicals in ACT degradation process. MNPs@C in comparison with ferrous ions, as a homogeneous catalyst, showed a better performance in the activation of PMS and ACT degradation. Integration of MNPs@C, UV and PMS exhibited an excellent performance into ACT removal over 40 min reaction, which can be utilized as an effective and promising technique for the efficient decontamination of polluted waters.