A 3D porous NCNT sponge anode modified with chitosan and Polyaniline for high-performance microbial fuel cell.Bioelectrochemistry. 2019 Oct; 129:144-153.B
A microbial fuel cell (MFC) is a potential bio-electrochemical technology that utilizes microorganisms to convert chemical energy into electrical energy. The low power output of MFCs remain the bottleneck for their practical applications. In this paper, a novel, biocompatible and bioelectrocatalytic composite chitosan-nitrogen doped carbon nanotubes-polyaniline (CS-NCNT-PANI) was prepared in situ on the 3D porous NCNT/sponge and applied to an MFC anode. The PANI was grafted on the CS-NCNT backbone to synthesize the ternary composite. This bioanode not only increased the active surface area and capacity but also facilitated bacterial adhesion and enrichment of microbes. Compared with the NCNT/sponge electrode, the charge transfer impedance of the ternary composite bioanode decreased from 14.07 Ω to 2.25 Ω, and the maximum power density increased from 1.4 W·m-3 to 4.2 W·m-3; meanwhile, during the chronoamperometric experiment with a charge-discharge time of 60-60 min, the cumulative charge of the composite bioanode was 18,865.8 C·m-2, which is much higher than that of the NCNT/S anode (3625.3 C·m-2). High-throughput sequencing technology revealed that the ternary composite bioanode had good biocompatibility and high diversity. Therefore, this synthesized ternary composite is a promising candidate as a capacitive and biocompatible anode material in MFC.