Splitting of the lateral rectus muscle with medial transposition to treat oculomotor palsy: a retrospective analysis of 29 consecutive cases.Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2019; 257(9):2005-2014GA
The lateralis splitting technique has been an interesting option for treating large-angle exotropia due to complete 3rd nerve paralysis since its inception in the early 1990s. The purpose of this study is to report on our experience regarding the effectiveness and complications of this method.
Retrospective analysis of a consecutive series of 29 patients operated by one single experienced surgeon and examined according to a specific operative and perioperative protocol. Patients were examined preoperatively, on the 2nd day and 3rd month after surgery. Outcome measures include strabismus angle, horizontal motility, head turn, binocular function, and incidence and resolution of postoperative serous retinal detachment as seen with infrared imaging and spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT).
Surgery brought about a large and stable reduction of strabismus angle and head turn. It reduced horizontal motility, but moved the range of monocular excursion much closer to center. Eighty percent of patients with constant diplopia acquired some fields of single binocular vision. A significant number of cases (33.3%) developed transitory serous retinal detachment with varying onset and extent.
This is by far the largest published study regarding the outcome of lateralis splitting in NIII palsy. The procedure is difficult, yet a very useful option. Serous detachment is a serious complication, but usually transitory. Its cause and mechanisms are not fully understood and warrant further investigation.