Anti-hyperuricemic effect of Alpinia oxyphylla seed extract by enhancing uric acid excretion in the kidney.Phytomedicine. 2019 Sep; 62:152975.P
Alpinia oxyphylla is a well-known traditional medicine used in China and Korea to treat intestinal disorders, urosis, diuresis, and chronic glomerulonephritis.
We investigated the anti-hyperuricemic effects of Alpinia oxyphylla seed extract (AE), and the underlying mechanisms of action through in vitro and in vivo studies.
We evaluated levels of uric acid in the serum and urine, the expression of renal urate transport proteins, and levels of inflammatory cytokines in potassium oxonate (PO)-induced hyperuricemic rats. Xanthine oxidase activity was analyzed in vitro, while cellular uric acid uptake was assessed in oocytes expressing the human urate transporter 1 (hURAT1). Moreover, the main components of AE were analyzed using UPLC.
In PO-induced hyperuricemic rats, 200 and 400 mg/kg of AE significantly decreased levels of uric acid in serum, while 400 mg/kg of AE increased uric acid levels in urine. AE did not inhibit xanthine oxidase in vitro; however, 1, 10, and 100 μg/ml of AE significantly decreased uric acid uptake into oocytes expressing hURAT1. Furthermore, 400 mg/kg of AE increased levels of organic anion transporter (OAT) 1 protein, while 200 and 400 mg/kg of AE decreased the protein content of urate transporter, URAT1 and inflammatory cytokines in the kidneys. Nootkatone was identified as one the main chemical components in AE from UPLC analysis.
These findings suggest that AE exerts anti-hyperuricemic and uricosuric effects, which are related to the promotion of uric acid excretion via enhanced secretion and inhibition of uric acid reabsorption in the kidneys. Thus, AE may be a potential treatment for hyperuricemia and gout.